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  • 20-October-2021

    English

    OECD Taxation Working Paper: Greening international aviation post COVID-19: What role for kerosene taxes?

    This paper discusses the contribution that kerosene taxes could make to decarbonising international air travel post COVID-19. Reaching climate neutrality by mid-century requires that all sectors, including aviation, cut emissions strongly. The paper argues that clarity on decarbonisation targets, including through carbon price signals in the form of kerosene taxes, will support an orderly transition in aviation.

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  • 20-October-2021

    English

    Greening international aviation post COVID-19 - What role for kerosene taxes?

    This paper discusses the contribution that kerosene taxes could make to decarbonising international air travel post COVID-19. Reaching climate neutrality by mid-century requires that all sectors, including aviation, cut emissions strongly. The paper argues that clarity on decarbonisation targets, including through carbon price signals in the form of kerosene taxes, will support an orderly transition in aviation. A gradually increasing tax on kerosene can strengthen the incentives for investment and innovation in clean aviation technologies. Taxing kerosene would also provide implementing countries with tax revenues that could be used to support clean investment and innovation, while addressing competitiveness and equity issues. Where legal obstacles to taxing kerosene exist, these can be overcome by renegotiating the relevant air service agreements.
  • 18-octobre-2021

    Français

    Déclaration pays par pays – Recueil 2021 de rapports d’examen par les pairs (version abrégée) - Cadre Inclusif sur le BEPS : action 13

    Dans le cadre du standard minimum de l’action 13, les juridictions se sont engagées à favoriser la transparence fiscale en demandant aux plus grands groupes d’entreprises multinationales de fournir la répartition globale de leurs revenus, impôts et autres indicateurs du lieu de l’activité économique. Ces informations sans précédent sur les opérations de ces groupes à travers le monde renforceront les capacités d’évaluation des risques des autorités fiscales. Le standard minimum de l’action 13 a été traduit dans des termes de référence spécifiques et une méthodologie aux fins du processus d’examen par les pairs. L’examen par les pairs du standard minimum de l’action 13 se déroule annuellement, avec déjà quatre revues annuelles effectuées en 2017, 2018, 2019 et 2020. Chaque examen annuel est consacré à différents aspects des trois éléments fondamentaux soumis à examen : le cadre juridique et administratif national, le cadre d’échange de renseignements, ainsi que la confidentialité et l’usage approprié des déclarations pays par pays. Ce rapport annuel d'examen par les pairs reflète les résultats du quatrième examen qui a examiné tous les aspects de la mise en œuvre. Il contient l’examen de 132 juridictions qui ont fourni des législations ou des informations relatives à la mise en œuvre de la déclaration pays par pays. Le présent recueil inclut les versions en français des rapports d’examen des pays francophones suivants : la Belgique, le Bénin, le Cameroun, le Canada, la Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, la France, le Gabon, Haïti, le Luxembourg, le Maroc, Maurice, la Principauté de Monaco, la République démocratique du Congo, le Sénégal, les Seychelles, la Suisse et la Tunisie.
  • 18-October-2021

    English

    Making Dispute Resolution More Effective – MAP Peer Review Report, Hong Kong, China (Stage 2) - Inclusive Framework on BEPS: Action 14

    Under Action 14, countries have committed to implement a minimum standard to strengthen the effectiveness and efficiency of the mutual agreement procedure (MAP). The MAP is included in Article 25 of the OECD Model Tax Convention and commits countries to endeavour to resolve disputes related to the interpretation and application of tax treaties. The Action 14 Minimum Standard has been translated into specific terms of reference and a methodology for the peer review and monitoring process. The peer review process is conducted in two stages. Stage 1 assesses countries against the terms of reference of the minimum standard according to an agreed schedule of review. Stage 2 focuses on monitoring the follow-up of any recommendations resulting from jurisdictions' stage 1 peer review report. This report reflects the outcome of the stage 2 peer monitoring of the implementation of the Action 14 Minimum Standard by Hong Kong, China.
  • 18-October-2021

    English

    Progress continues in making tax dispute resolution more effective and in improving tax transparency through Country-by-Country reporting

    Under OECD/G20 Inclusive Framework on BEPS, 140 jurisdictions have committed to implement minimum standards to improve the taxation of multinational enterprises (MNEs) worldwide. Today, the OECD has released the latest outcomes of the implementation of BEPS Action 13 on the transparency of global operations of large MNEs and BEPS Action 14 on the resolution of tax related disputes between jurisdictions.

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  • 18-October-2021

    English

    Making Dispute Resolution More Effective – MAP Peer Review Report, People's Republic of China (Stage 2) - Inclusive Framework on BEPS: Action 14

    Under Action 14, countries have committed to implement a minimum standard to strengthen the effectiveness and efficiency of the mutual agreement procedure (MAP). The MAP is included in Article 25 of the OECD Model Tax Convention and commits countries to endeavour to resolve disputes related to the interpretation and application of tax treaties. The Action 14 Minimum Standard has been translated into specific terms of reference and a methodology for the peer review and monitoring process. The peer review process is conducted in two stages. Stage 1 assesses countries against the terms of reference of the minimum standard according to an agreed schedule of review. Stage 2 focuses on monitoring the follow-up of any recommendations resulting from jurisdictions' stage 1 peer review report. This report reflects the outcome of the stage 2 peer monitoring of the implementation of the Action 14 Minimum Standard by the People's Republic of China.
  • 18-October-2021

    English

    Making Dispute Resolution More Effective – MAP Peer Review Report, Russian Federation (Stage 2) - Inclusive Framework on BEPS: Action 14

    Under Action 14, countries have committed to implement a minimum standard to strengthen the effectiveness and efficiency of the mutual agreement procedure (MAP). The MAP is included in Article 25 of the OECD Model Tax Convention and commits countries to endeavour to resolve disputes related to the interpretation and application of tax treaties. The Action 14 Minimum Standard has been translated into specific terms of reference and a methodology for the peer review and monitoring process. The peer review process is conducted in two stages. Stage 1 assesses countries against the terms of reference of the minimum standard according to an agreed schedule of review. Stage 2 focuses on monitoring the follow-up of any recommendations resulting from jurisdictions' stage 1 peer review report. This report reflects the outcome of the stage 2 peer monitoring of the implementation of the Action 14 Minimum Standard by the Russian Federation.
  • 18-October-2021

    English

    Making Dispute Resolution More Effective – MAP Peer Review Report, Saudi Arabia (Stage 2) - Inclusive Framework on BEPS: Action 14

    Under Action 14, countries have committed to implement a minimum standard to strengthen the effectiveness and efficiency of the mutual agreement procedure (MAP). The MAP is included in Article 25 of the OECD Model Tax Convention and commits countries to endeavour to resolve disputes related to the interpretation and application of tax treaties. The Action 14 Minimum Standard has been translated into specific terms of reference and a methodology for the peer review and monitoring process. The peer review process is conducted in two stages. Stage 1 assesses countries against the terms of reference of the minimum standard according to an agreed schedule of review. Stage 2 focuses on monitoring the follow-up of any recommendations resulting from jurisdictions' stage 1 peer review report. This report reflects the outcome of the stage 2 peer monitoring of the implementation of the Action 14 Minimum Standard by Saudi Arabia.
  • 18-October-2021

    English

    Making Dispute Resolution More Effective – MAP Peer Review Report, Brazil (Stage 2) - Inclusive Framework on BEPS: Action 14

    Under Action 14, countries have committed to implement a minimum standard to strengthen the effectiveness and efficiency of the mutual agreement procedure (MAP). The MAP is included in Article 25 of the OECD Model Tax Convention and commits countries to endeavour to resolve disputes related to the interpretation and application of tax treaties. The Action 14 Minimum Standard has been translated into specific terms of reference and a methodology for the peer review and monitoring process. The peer review process is conducted in two stages. Stage 1 assesses countries against the terms of reference of the minimum standard according to an agreed schedule of review. Stage 2 focuses on monitoring the follow-up of any recommendations resulting from jurisdictions' stage 1 peer review report. This report reflects the outcome of the stage 2 peer monitoring of the implementation of the Action 14 Minimum Standard by Brazil.
  • 18-October-2021

    English

    Making Dispute Resolution More Effective – MAP Peer Review Report, Bulgaria (Stage 2) - Inclusive Framework on BEPS: Action 14

    Under Action 14, countries have committed to implement a minimum standard to strengthen the effectiveness and efficiency of the mutual agreement procedure (MAP). The MAP is included in Article 25 of the OECD Model Tax Convention and commits countries to endeavour to resolve disputes related to the interpretation and application of tax treaties. The Action 14 Minimum Standard has been translated into specific terms of reference and a methodology for the peer review and monitoring process. The peer review process is conducted in two stages. Stage 1 assesses countries against the terms of reference of the minimum standard according to an agreed schedule of review. Stage 2 focuses on monitoring the follow-up of any recommendations resulting from jurisdictions' stage 1 peer review report. This report reflects the outcome of the stage 2 peer monitoring of the implementation of the Action 14 Minimum Standard by Bulgaria.
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