Viet Nam

  • 2-May-2024


    Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India - Volume 2024 Issue 1

    The Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India is a regular publication on regional economic growth and development in Emerging Asia – Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam, as well as China and India. It comprises three parts: a regional economic monitor, a thematic chapter addressing a major issue facing the region, and a series of country notes. The 2024 edition discusses the region’s macroeconomic challenges such as external headwinds, impacts of El Niño and elevated levels of private debt. The thematic chapter focuses on strategies to cope with more frequent disasters. Emerging Asia is among the world’s most disaster-prone regions, and the threat of disasters, such as floods, storms, earthquakes and droughts, is increasing. The report explores how countries can reduce disaster risks and improve resilience by developing a comprehensive approach involving policy measures such as improving governance and institutional capacity, ensuring adequate budgets and broadening financing options, strengthening disaster-related education, improving land planning, investing in disaster-resilient infrastructure and disaster-related technology, improving health responses, and facilitating the role of the private sector.
  • 22-March-2024


    Nature-based solutions for flood management in Asia and the Pacific

    Countries in Asia and the Pacific face a heightened risk of flooding as disasters increase worldwide due to climate change. Yet these countries often lack the infrastructure necessary to prepare for and respond to floods effectively. When flood protection measures exist, they generally rely only on grey, hard-engineered infrastructure, which has been increasingly challenged in recent years. Nature-based solutions (NbS) offer a new approach for flood management, with several co-benefits beyond the reduction of risks. This approach has gained recognition from policy makers in the region, but they are confronted with a number of challenges, including the lack of a clear, common definition and guidelines, as well as financing issues. The growing imperatives of climate adaptation call for complementary, innovative and forward-looking solutions, such as a combined approach incorporating both NbS and grey infrastructure.
  • 18-March-2024


    SIGI 2024 Regional Report for Southeast Asia - Time to Care

    What are the structural barriers to women's empowerment and inclusive development in Southeast Asia? Building on data from the fifth edition of the SIGI, the SIGI 2024 Regional Report for Southeast Asia: Time to Care provides new evidence-based analysis on the progress and setbacks in eliminating the root causes of gender inequality in 11 countries of the region. It underscores how multiple personal status laws perpetuate gender-based legal discrimination. The analysis also shows that social norms governing gender roles and responsibilities worsened between 2014 and 2022, particularly affecting women’s educational and economic rights. The report explores a critical policy area for the region, the care economy. Stressing the gendered, informal, and unpaid dimensions of care, it draws on social, demographic, educational and economic evidence to forecast a growing demand for care services in Southeast Asian countries. The report advocates for the strategic development of formal care systems as a unique opportunity to accelerate women's economic empowerment, build inclusive societies and strengthen the region's resilience to external shocks – including those induced by climate change. To dismantle the barriers that prevent the emergence and expansion of such a formal care economy, it provides concrete recommendations to policy makers and other stakeholders.
  • 11-March-2024


    Towards Greener and More Inclusive Societies in Southeast Asia

    Over 100 million workers in Southeast Asia have jobs that are directly or closely linked to the environment, making them vulnerable to climate change impacts. These same workers likely earn at least 20% lower than the national average and are largely in informal employment. The region’s necessary transition towards greener growth could affect them in several ways: some sectors will create jobs and others will lose jobs or disappear altogether. Understanding the effects of both climate change and green growth policies on jobs and people is thus essential for making the transition in Southeast Asia an inclusive one. The study explores these issues, with emphasis on the potential effects on labour of an energy transition in Indonesia, and of a transition in the region’s agricultural sector, illustrated by a simulated conversion from conventional to organic rice farming.
  • 15-December-2023


    Extending Broadband Connectivity in Southeast Asia

    This report assesses the current state of connectivity in Southeast Asia and provides tailored recommendations for extending broadband access, focusing on five countries: Cambodia, Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. The analysis builds upon the OECD Recommendation on Broadband Connectivity, which provides a reference for policy makers and regulatory authorities within and outside of the OECD. Using the principles of the Recommendation as a roadmap, countries may be better able to unleash the full potential of connectivity for the digital transformation and to ensure equal access to connectivity for all users.
  • 4-December-2023


    Multi-level governance and subnational finance in Asia and the Pacific

    Subnational governments in Asia and the Pacific are key providers of the public services and infrastructure required to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. Given this role, it is essential that policymakers and development partners understand and support the effective functioning of multi-level governance structures and subnational government finances across the region. This joint OECD-ADB report provides a comprehensive overview of subnational governments across Asia and the Pacific. It covers over 467,000 subnational governments from 26 countries, which represent 53% of the world’s population and 40% of global GDP. On average in 2020, subnational governments in the region accounted for 29% of total public expenditure (8.8% of GDP), 35% of total public revenue (8.5% of GDP) and 38% of public investment (2% of GDP). Harnessing unique data from the 3rd edition of the OECD-UCLG World Observatory on Subnational Government Finance and Investment, the analysis highlights how decentralisation and territorial reforms have reconfigured the structures and finances of subnational governments in the region. It covers a range of topics including fiscal rules, financial management capacity, priority-based budgeting, asset management and the use of public-private partnerships.
  • 7-August-2023


    Unleashing strong, digital and green growth in Viet Nam

    Viet Nam has been quick to recover from the downturns caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, but it faces long-term economic challenges. Boosting labour productivity will be crucial to sustained high economic growth. Attracting further foreign investment and reaping the benefit of advanced technologies will require additional improvements to the business environment through simplifying administrative procedures. Levelling the playing field of competition between state-owned enterprises and private enterprises will also help to maintain Viet Nam’s attraction for international investors. The country is already among the leaders of digitalisation in Southeast Asia, with strong adoption of e-commerce, telemedicine and telework. Further investment in digital skills will be key to maintain this momentum. The authorities have committed to net zero carbon emissions by 2050 and are expanding renewable energy generation capacity. A comprehensive decarbonisation plan would facilitate the transition to greener growth.
  • 1-août-2023


    Études économiques de l'OCDE : Viet Nam 2023 (version abrégée)

    Le Viet Nam a réalisé des progrès économiques remarquables ces dernières décennies, en maintenant une croissance économique élevée. L'économie s'est également montrée résistante aux chocs, notamment à la pandémie de COVID-19. Les réformes approfondies et continues menées depuis la fin des années 1980 ont été la clé de cette réussite économique. Néanmoins, face aux défis importants qui l'attendent, le Viet Nam doit redoubler d'efforts pour faire avancer les réformes structurelles qui consolideront encore les forces du marché. La population vieillit rapidement et l'augmentation de la productivité est une priorité urgente. Cela nécessitera de nouvelles réformes pour réduire la participation de l'État, en particulier dans les secteurs de réseau tels que les télécommunications, et pour garantir des conditions de concurrence équitables entre toutes les entreprises. Il est également essentiel d'approfondir l'intégration commerciale pour renforcer les chaînes d'approvisionnement dans un paysage économique mondial en pleine mutation. Malgré l'augmentation récente de l'utilisation du numérique, le Viet Nam doit améliorer les compétences des travailleurs en renforçant la formation professionnelle et l'éducation des adultes. L'engagement de parvenir à des émissions nettes nulles d'ici 2050 nécessite des changements radicaux dans le système économique. Pour réduire la dépendance à l'égard des combustibles fossiles, il convient d'arrêter les nouveaux investissements dans le charbon et d'accélérer la mise en œuvre d'un marché du carbone. Comme ces réformes nécessiteront des ressources fiscales supplémentaires, l'assiette fiscale devrait être élargie afin d'augmenter les recettes publiques. CHAPITRES THÉMATIQUES : RÉGLEMENTATION DES MARCHÉS DE PRODUITS ; NUMÉRISATION ; CROISSANCE VERTE
  • 26-April-2023


    Aid at a glance charts

    These ready-made tables and charts provide for snapshot of aid (Official Development Assistance) for all DAC Members as well as recipient countries and territories. Summary reports by regions (Africa, America, Asia, Europe, Oceania) and the world are also available.

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  • 22-mars-2023


    Le Viet Nam rejoint la Convention Multilatérale de lutte contre la fraude et l'évasion fiscales

    Aujourd'hui, au siège de l'OCDE à Paris, M. Cao Anh Tuan, Vice-Ministre des Finances du Viet Nam, a signé le traité international de coopération fiscale multilatérale le plus étendu au monde, la Convention concernant l'assistance administrative mutuelle en matière fiscale (la Convention) portant ainsi à 147 le total de juridictions qui participent à la Convention.

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