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Tchad


  • 9-March-2020

    English

    Aid at a glance charts

    These ready-made tables and charts provide for snapshot of aid (Official Development Assistance) for all DAC Members as well as recipient countries and territories. Summary reports by regions (Africa, America, Asia, Europe, Oceania) and the world are also available.

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  • 9-mars-2020

    Français

    Femmes et conflits en Afrique de l'Ouest

    L’objectif de cette note est d’analyser l’évolution temporelle et spatiale des violences impliquant les femmes en Afrique de l’Ouest au cours des 20 dernières années. Une première partie montre que le nombre de victimes civiles des conflits ouest-africains dépasse désormais celui attribué aux batailles entre le gouvernement et les groupes armés. Le contrôle de la population civile est désormais devenu l’un des enjeux majeurs des insurrections de la région. Cette évolution conduit à une augmentation des violences faites aux femmes, qui sont souvent les premières victimes des luttes identitaires. Une seconde partie montre que les femmes participent également aux actes de violence, notamment par le biais des attentats-suicides dans le bassin du lac Tchad. Ce phénomène est cependant en forte diminution du fait de la perte de contrôle territorial de Boko Haram depuis le milieu des années 2010. En conclusion, la note souligne la nécessité de mettre en œuvre des stratégies contre-insurrectionnelles qui visent primordialement à protéger les populations, notamment les femmes.
  • 9-March-2020

    English

    Women and climate change in the Sahel

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the gendered impacts of climate change in the Sahel. In particular, it explores the ways in which gender inequality is a critical factor in understanding vulnerability and resilience efforts concerning climate change. It shows that the current climate crisis is affecting livelihoods throughout the Sahel in pronounced ways. In a region highly dependent upon subsistence agriculture and pastoralist livelihoods, climate variability and environmental degradation have made such livelihoods difficult to sustain, the effects of which have broad ranging impacts on social and economic systems. Consequently, migration, livelihood adaptation, social unrest, and political instability emerge from the ecological challenges the Sahel is facing. Those with the resources to respond to and prepare for future climate events will be better equipped to navigate the climate crisis. Unfortunately, those resources are rarely equally distributed at the household, community, and state levels. In particular, gender inequalities within the Sahel pose a very real challenge for adaptation and resilience strategies as states and global institutions make interventions to support at risk populations. The paper then explores what development and state institutions are doing to resolve gender inequity through climate resilience policy, and where these efforts are falling short. The paper concludes with some strategies to improve opportunities for gender equity and climate resilience based on field research within the Sahel.
  • 14-February-2020

    English

    The Geography of Conflict in North and West Africa

    African governments are increasingly confronted with new forms of political violence. The situation is particularly worrying in the Sahara-Sahel where violence is on the rise. This degrading security situation has prompted African countries and their partners to intervene militarily to stabilise the region and to prevent the spread of extremism and violence against civilians. However, these initiatives face many obstacles due to the transnational nature and geography of violence. Tensions regionalise across state borders when armed groups, defeated by counter-insurgency efforts, relocate to other countries. This study maps the evolution of violence across North and West Africa, with a particular focus on Mali, Lake Chad and Libya. In the regions experiencing the highest levels of political insecurity, it identifies whether and how conflicts tend to cluster or spread, potentially across national borders. The work is based on a new spatial indicator of political violence designed to assess the long-term evolution of conflicts and provide policy options.
  • 24-mai-2017

    Français

    Tchad Perspectives Économiques en Afrique 2017

    En raison des dépenses engagées dans la lutte contre les mouvements djihadistes et de la faiblesse persistante des cours mondiaux du pétrole, la croissance économique, négative en 2016, devrait également l’être en 2017.

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  • 22-mai-2017

    Français

  • 20-juillet-2015

    Français

    Tchad Perspectives économiques en Afrique 2015

    En 2014, le taux de croissance de l’économie tchadienne est ressorti à 7.2 %, selon les estimations, et pourrait atteindre 9 % en 2015 du fait de l’entrée en production de nouveaux champs pétroliers.

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  • 23-April-2015

    English, PDF, 276kb

    Policy Note on Participation of Developing Countries in Global Value Chains

    4-page policy note detailing the key results and recommendations from OECD Trade Policy Paper 179 on the Participation of Developing Countries in Global Value Chains.

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  • 31-January-2015

    English, PDF, 1,307kb

    Decline of the nomadic population

    In Chad, official records document only about 350 000 nomads remaining, out of a total population of 13 million in 2013. In Mauritania, nomads accounted for approximately two-thirds of the population at the time of independence in 1960, one-third in 1977, and less than 6% in 2000. In Mali, the figures amounted to 6% at independence in 1960 (310 000 individuals) and 1% as of the last census in 2009.

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  • 29-février-2012

    Français, , 3,933kb

    Lettre d'information du CSAO : octobre 2011 - février 2012

    Lettre d'information du Club du Sahel et de l'Afrique de l'Ouest (CSAO) couvrant l'actualité de la période entre octobre 2011 et février 2012.

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