Market studies are a valuable instrument used by many competition authorities to enhance their understanding of markets and potential competition issues. In June 2017 the OECD Competition Committee held a roundtable to identify common techniques and good practices in selecting and applying market study methodologies. Access the documentation.
The simultaneous ownership of shares in competing firms by institutional investors (“common ownership”) has been investigated in several academic studies for its potential impact on competitive conditions. In December 2017, the OECD held a discussion to explore whether there are verifiable theories of harm in connection with common ownership, and whether new approaches are needed to address them.
When analysing mergers, competition agencies often consider the trade-off between prohibiting the transaction and granting a conditional clearance.In November 2016, the OECD held a roundtable to explore different competition authorities’ approaches and methods.
The combination of data with technologically advanced tools such as pricing algorithms and machine learning is increasingly changing the competitive landscape in the digital markets. In June 2017 the OECD Competition Committee held a roundtable on the topic as a part of the wider work stream on competition in the digital economy, in order to discuss some of the challenges raised by algorithms. Access the documentation.
19 June 2017: The OECD Competition Committee held a discussion on innovation in the electricity sector in order to investigate whether regulation is keeping pace with change, and, what the impact on the activities of competition agencies might be.
In June 2017 the OECD Competition Committee held a roundtable on aftermarkets in order to compare national approaches to a number of questions that can arise under competition law when aftermarkets are involved. Access the documentation.
Price discrimination is common in many different types of markets and it usually reflects the competitive behaviour that competition policy seeks to promote. However, that is not always the case. In November 2016, the OECD held a roundtable to discuss how jurisdictions in which exploitative or distortionary price discrimination is an offence should respond to these developments.
Firms can use fidelity rebates or loyalty discount schemes to offer better prices to buyers in exchange of their loyalty. Such schemes may sometimes prevent rivals from competing effectively. The OECD Competition Committee held a roundtable to discuss the topic in its June 2016 meeting. Access the documentation.
In November 2016, the OECD held a hearing discussion on Big Data to explore the implications on competition authorities' work and whether competition law is the appropriate tool for dealing with issues arising from the use Big Data. Access all documentation regarding the discussion.
In June 2016, the OECD held a roundtable session to provide an overview of the merger control thresholds and local nexus criteria currently in place in various countries, and discuss law changes since the adoption of the 2005 OECD Council Recommendation on Merger Review.