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Best Practices / Guidelines


  • 6-March-2024

    English

    Algorithmic competition

    In 2023 the OECD held a roundtable on algorithmic competition to look at the role of algorithms on competition and what harms they may pose, with regards to both coordinated conduct and unilateral conduct. In 2024, the topic is again explored during the OECD Competition Open Day.

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  • 6-December-2023

    English

    Out-of-Market Efficiencies in Competition Enforcement

    Out of market efficiencies affect consumers or other economic agents in different markets from those in which anticompetitive effects are alleged to occur in the context of a merger, an anticompetitive conduct, or an agreement. This OECD roundtable discussed whether competition authorities should balance the impact on consumers that are directly harmed with beneficial effects that are not specific to the market under consideration.

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  • 6-December-2023

    English

    Serial Acquisitions and Industry Roll-ups

    The phenomenon of serial acquisitions has spurred debate around consolidation risks and the potential need for increased scrutiny over such transactions. Despite this, it appears that few jurisdictions’ merger regimes explicitly address them. The OECD roundtable on serial acquisitions and industry roll-ups aimed to shed light on the magnitude of this issue, potential for competitive harms and whether there is an enforcement gap.

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  • 5-December-2023

    English

    Competition and Innovation - The Role of Innovation in Enforcement Cases

    In June 2023 the OECD held a discussion on the relationship between competition and innovation. In December 2023 a second discussion explored how competition authorities incorporate innovation as part of their assessment in merger review and enforcement investigations.

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  • 4-December-2023

    English

    Competition and Professional Sports

    In December 2023 the OECD held a roundtable to discuss competition law and the professional sports sector, and specific features of this industry that may raise challenges for competition authorities. A recent increase in this issue by competition authorities worldwide suggests that it is timely to revisit the topic. The roundtable benefited from a panel of invited experts and from a Background Note from the Secretariat.

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  • 8-November-2023

    English

    Digital Economy, Innovation and Competition

    The increasing prominence of the digital economy has been requiring competition authorities to devote more and more of their time to intellectual property-intensive and high technology industries. This page contains recent work on the digital economy and competition.

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  • 11-October-2023

    Albanian

    Fostering Competition in ASEAN: Primers for judges

    The 2018 CLIP Competition Primers for ASEAN Judges are a series of information sheets designed to offer practical guidance to members of the judiciary when analysing competition cases in their courts.

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  • 10-October-2023

    English

    Competition Assessment Toolkit

    The Toolkit helps governments to eliminate barriers to competition by providing a method for identifying unnecessary restraints on market activities and developing alternative, less restrictive measures that still achieve government policy objectives.

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  • 6-September-2023

    English

    Gender Inclusive Competition Policy and the OECD Toolkit

    The fight for gender equality is one of the defining challenges of our age. While progress has been made in many areas, the relationship between gender and competition policy remained largely unexplored until recently when the Gender inclusive competition policy project was launched. As a result, find out how competition authorities can promote more inclusive markets with our dedicated Toolkit.

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  • 16-June-2023

    English

    Theories of Harm for Digital Mergers

    In June 2023 the OECD held a roundtable to discuss the theories of harm currently used in the analysis of digital mergers and the potential need for new ones, that could better allow competition authorities to meet the standard of proof when assessing anticompetitive mergers. The roundtable benefitted from the intervention of invited experts and a background Note from the Secretariat. This page contains all related materials.

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