Towards a National Circular Economy Strategy for Hungary

The growing demand for raw materials in the Hungarian economy projected up to 2050 is expected to exert significant additional pressure on the environment, putting the country at risk of missing important environmental goals and opportunities to strengthen the competitiveness and resilience of its economy. Despite the notable progress in decoupling environmental pressures from economic activities over the past 20 years, several challenges remain. The transition to a circular economy has significant potential to address these challenges. To fully realise the circular potential of its economy, Hungary will need to adopt a comprehensive circular economy policy framework. This report outlines a set of key elements for the development of the Hungarian national circular economy strategy and action plan. It identifies priority areas that are deemed critical to the Hungarian circular economy transition, including: biomass and food, construction and plastics, as well as cross-cutting horizontal tools to facilitate an economy-wide circular transition. It also provides 45 policy recommendations and suggests specific implementation actions across the priority areas for the short, medium and long term.

Published on April 28, 2023


Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
Rationale for a circular economy transition in Hungary
The circular economy policy landscape in Hungary
A circular economy in Hungary by 2040
A circular transition for biomass and food
A circular transition for construction
Transition to a circular life cycle for plastics
Proposed action plan and monitoring framework of the National Circular Economy Strategy
Financing the circular economy transition
Summary of the Strategic Environmental Assessment
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