Latest Documents

  • 4-March-2020


    What does "inclusive governance" mean? - Clarifying theory and practice

    Inclusion in terms of both process (how decisions are made and who is included in that process and how and why) and outcomes (how wealth and prosperity are distributed and shared across a population and why) is a leading priority in international development, with the Sustainable Development Goals as perhaps the most ambitious articulation of this. As the evidence overwhelmingly shows, over the long term, more open and inclusive states and societies tend to be more prosperous, effective and resilient. And yet, it is far less clear how countries that today can be considered more inclusive in terms of both process and outcome got to where they are. This Note explores the relationship between inclusive governance and inclusive development. It finds that there is no automatic causal relationship between inclusion as process and inclusion as outcome in either direction. However, the Note also highlights that under certain circumstances, more inclusive processes can in fact foster more inclusive development, and it teases out several factors that have been important in in this respect. By way of conclusion, the paper draws out implications for how international development actors can support inclusion more effectively through more politically aware ways of thinking and working.
  • 27-February-2020


    OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Austria 2020

    The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined once every five to six years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation activities of the member under review and its approach to fragility, crisis and humanitarian assistance. Austria prioritises its multilateral engagement, advocates actively on global challenges such as security and environmental sustainability, and demonstrates regional leadership. The Austrian Development Agency is delivering quality development assistance to Austria’s priority partner countries but is responsible for only a small share of Austria’s total official development assistance (ODA) effort. In the absence of a single, overarching policy vision, Austria’s ODA remains fragmented. This review looks at the opportunities for Austria to achieve a more co-ordinated and coherent whole-of-government approach. It also emphasises the need for Austria to develop a plan to increase its aid budget in line with its commitment to allocate 0.7% of its gross national income to ODA.
  • 15-février-2020


    Partenariat avec la société civile - 12 leçons tirées des examens par les pairs réalisés par le CAD

    Ce rapport porte sur les partenariats entre les membres du CAD et les organisations de la société civile (OSC). Ils peuvent servir différents objectifs, dont notamment : soutenir le rôle vital que jouent les OSC pour permettre aux personnes de revendiquer leurs droits, promouvoir les approches fondées sur les droits, élaborer et superviser la mise en œuvre de politiques publiques et de partenariats pour le développement, offrir des services complémentaires à ceux fournis par l’État, ou encore contribuer à sensibiliser le public aux défis et aux progrès du développement mondial.
  • 17-décembre-2019


    Vers une coopération pour le développement plus efficace - Rapport d'étape 2019

    Aider les pays à améliorer les conditions de vie de leurs citoyens nécessite une coopération internationale efficace pour le développement. Les principes du Partenariat mondial pour une coopération efficace au service du développement – l’appropriation par les pays ; l’orientation vers les résultats ; des partenariats inclusifs ; et, la transparence et la redevabilité mutuelle – guident les relations entre les partenaires du développement depuis près d’une décennie, les aident à renforcer et à améliorer leur mode de coopération et veillent à ce que tous les citoyens soient impliqués dans le processus. L’Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques (OCDE) et le Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (PNUD) travaillent ensemble pour effectuer le suivi des progrès réalisés dans l’utilisation de ces principes. En 2018, des données ont été collectées par 86 pays et territoires partenaires, en collaboration avec plus de 100 partenaires du développement, afin de servir de base à ce travail et apporter des éléments probants. L’ouvrage, en montrant clairement où des progrès ont été accomplis et où des défis restent à relever, est à même de guider les gouvernements et leurs partenaires sur la façon dont ils peuvent renforcer l’action collective pour réaliser le Programme de développement durable à l’horizon 2030.
  • 17-December-2019


    Sustainable Results in Development - Using the SDGs for Shared Results and Impact

    Governments and providers of development co-operation increasingly use Sustainable Development Goal indicators to guide their policies and practices. The close examination of three large recipients of development co-operation: Ethiopia, Kenya and Myanmar across the sectors of Education, Sanitation and Energy reveals four inter-related challenges in using SDG indicators at country level. First, the cost of using specific SDG indicators varies in relation to indicator complexity – complementary investments in country statistical systems may be necessary. Second, providers synchronising their country-level results planning with partner countries find it easier to align to and measure SDG indicators together with the partner country and other providers. Third, reliance on joint monitoring approaches is helping providers reduce the cost of SDG monitoring. Finally, while disaggregating SDG data by gender and by urban-rural dimensions is common, other data disaggregation relevant to ensure that no one is left behind are rare.
  • 12-December-2019


    Kampala Principles for effective private sector engagement through development co-operation

    In the framework of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation (GPEDC), a set of principles has been developed to improve the quality of partnerships between development partners and the private sector.

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  • 27-November-2019


    Aligning Development Co-operation and Climate Action - The Only Way Forward

    Climate change is altering the ecological and social systems that underpin human well-being and economic activity, and developing countries are particularly vulnerable to its impact on the growth and sustainable development prospects of every sector and community. Being part of the solution requires all providers of development co-operation to align their activities with the objectives of the Paris Agreement. However many still lack the mandates, resources, incentives and strategies to do so. This report outlines how providers can make changes at home, in developing countries and in the international development co-operation system, to help create low-emissions, climate-resilient economies, and how they can avoid supporting activities that lock the world into an unsustainable future.
  • 18-November-2019


    OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Italy 2019

    The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review. Italy is strongly committed to multilateralism, and it uses its convening power as well as expertise in co-operation to make the country a leading voice on issues such as agriculture and cultural heritage. The country’s commitment to leaving no one behind is particularly apparent through the focus on gender and disability. However, the country would benefit from reversing the recent decline in official development assistance (ODA), building a stronger and better-skilled workforce, forming a coherent, whole-of-government approach to migration and development, and creating a system to manage for results.
  • 15-October-2019


    Greening Development Co-operation - Lessons from the OECD Development Assistance Committee

    How can members of the DAC effectively tackle critical environmental challenges and threats – such as climate change, pollution, and loss of soil fertility and biodiversity – in activities supporting the 2030 Agenda in developing countries? Most already have environmental safeguards in place to screen out negative environmental practice, but they need far more robust policies, capacities and approaches for mainstreaming environment across all their development co-operation activities. This report examines five critical areas for mainstreaming: strong policy commitment and leadership; robust systems, processes and tools; capacity and continuous skill development; shared knowledge, learning and engagement; well-supported country systems. On that basis, the report suggests priority actions for the OECD-DAC, its Network on Environment and Development (ENVIRONET) and the wider development community.
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