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Economie


  • 22-February-2022

    English

    Tackling the challenges of population ageing in the Slovak Republic

    Slovakia’s population is ageing rapidly, with the share of the working-age population expected to shrink by about a fifth in the next 30 years. Ageing-related costs are projected to increase much more strongly than in other EU countries and ageing will put pressure on potential growth and living standards. To prepare for an ageing society, pension, health and long-term care, as well as labour market reforms are needed to extend working lives, improve the health of the ageing population, and enhance the efficiency of public spending. Linking the retirement age to life expectancy and tightening early retirement pathways notably for mothers and disability pensioners is important to extend working lives and improve pension sustainability. Health outcome are lagging behind other OECD countries largely due to high preventable mortality, especially among disadvantaged groups, highlighting the importance of a national strategy to reduce preventable mortality, as well as targeted approaches. Measures are also needed to improve the efficiency of health and long-term care spending, notably through reforming the network of hospitals, expanding central procurement of pharmaceuticals, and expanding the supply of in-home long-term care services. Higher employment of older workers is hampered by a range of labour market barriers, including fewer training opportunities, higher job strain, and a lack of flexible working arrangements. Labour participation of mothers with young children is also low, reflecting excessively long parental leave, low financial work incentives, and a lack of childcare facilities.
  • 15-February-2022

    English

    Determinants of labour market exit of older workers in the Slovak Republic

    The Slovak population is set to age rapidly in the next decades, with significant impacts on economic growth and the sustainability of public finances. At the same time, the labour market exit age in Slovakia is among the lowest in the OECD. We use administrative data for Slovakia between 2013 and 2020 to analyse what factors influence the probability of employment exit of older workers. We find that statutory retirement ages have an important influence on the decision to leave employment. Higher educational attainment is associated with later employment exit, suggesting that the employment rate of older workers is likely to increase in the future as younger generations have higher educational attainment. We also find evidence that workers in sectors that are physically more demanding are exiting employment earlier. Impaired health also leads to significantly earlier employment exits. Finally living in a rural area or in areas with high unemployment is associated with earlier exit from the labour market.
  • 13-janvier-2022

    Français

    République slovaque : il faut privilégier les réformes pour optimiser la vigueur et la qualité de la reprise et de la croissance future, selon l’OCDE

    L’ambitieux plan de la Slovaquie pour la reprise et la résilience, soutenu par l’Union européenne (UE), favorisera la reprise et la croissance mais des perturbations d’approvisionnements et un faible taux de vaccination continuent de représenter des facteurs de risque.

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  • 17-novembre-2020

    Français

    Le financement des PME et des entrepreneurs. Tableau de bord de l’OCDE - Édition spéciale : les conséquences du COVID-19

    Ce rapport est une édition spéciale du Tableau de bord de l’OCDE sur le financement des PME et des entrepreneurs, publication phare de l’OCDE. Il examine en détail les conséquences du COVID-19 sur l’accès des PME au financement, ainsi que les mesures prises en conséquence par les pouvoirs publics. Il apparaît qu’avant la crise, les conditions de financement étaient globalement favorables pour les PME et les entrepreneurs, qui bénéficiaient de faibles taux d’intérêt, de critères accommodants d’octroi des crédits et d’une offre de plus en plus diversifiée d’instruments de financement. Mais la crise du COVID‑19 a profondément bouleversé l’accès des PME au financement. Plus particulièrement, l’effondrement brutal du chiffre d’affaires des entreprises a provoqué de graves pénuries de liquidités qui ont mis en danger la survie de bon nombre d’entreprises viables. Ce rapport fait état d’une augmentation de la demande de prêts bancaires au cours du premier semestre de 2020, et d’une stabilité de l’offre de crédit grâce à l’action des pouvoirs publics. Parallèlement, on a observé un recul d’autres sources de financement, en particulier l’apport de fonds propres au stade du démarrage. Le rapport réunit des données sur le périmètre et l’ampleur des mesures prises par les gouvernements dans le monde, et en précise les principales caractéristiques. Il décrit les principaux enjeux stratégiques du financement des PME qui se poseront au cours des prochaines phases de la pandémie ; il s’agira en effet d’éviter le surendettement des PME, de promouvoir une gamme diversifiée d’instruments de financement, de stimuler la création d’entreprises et de renforcer la résilience des PME par des mesures structurelles.
  • 5-February-2019

    English

    Further reforms will move Slovakia toward a more innovative and inclusive society

    The Slovak economy is experiencing a robust, broad-based expansion that is boosting living standards and promoting convergence with higher-income countries. Policies should now aim to sustain this expansion, prepare people for the future of work and ensure that the benefits of strong growth are shared amongst all Slovaks, according to a new report from the OECD.

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  • 5-February-2019

    English

    Launch of the 2019 OECD Economic Survey of the Slovak Republic

    Remarks by Angel Gurría Secretary-General for the Launch of the 2019 OECD Economic Survey of the Slovak Republic, Bratislava, 5 February 2019

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  • 28-septembre-2017

    Français

    Améliorer les compétences de haut niveau pour mieux répondre à la demande du marché du travail en République slovaque

    L’évolution de la demande sur le marché du travail et l’insertion dans les chaînes de valeur mondiales exigent une main-d’oeuvre très qualifiée.

  • 18-September-2017

    English

    Slovakia…it’s time to invest in the future

    The Slovak Republic continues to exhibit robust economic performance. International competitiveness is strong, fiscal and financial policies are prudent, poverty and income inequality are low, and the country’s environmental footprint has improved markedly. Employment is rising, prices have been stable, and the external account is near balance.

  • 6-September-2017

    English

    Where should Slovakia look for workers?

    Employment and hours worked are already at the highest since independence. The unemployment rate has fallen below historical norms. Nevertheless, more qualified people are needed.

  • 21-June-2017

    English

    Launch of the 2017 Economic Survey of the Slovak Republic

    It is a great pleasure for me to be back in Bratislava to present the OECD’s 2017 Economic Survey of the Slovak Republic. Let me begin by thanking you Minister Drucker, as well as the Mr. Kažimír, Minister of Finance, and Mr. Plavčan, Minister of Education, and their respective teams for their excellent support and input to this Survey.

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