République de Macédoine du Nord


Multi-dimensional Review of the Western Balkans

From Analysis to Action

The Western Balkans region has come a long way over the last two decades in achieving economic and social progress. Its people are the region’s greatest asset. Yet faced with a lack of opportunities many, particularly the young, decide to emigrate. To make the most of its future the region must invest in its attractiveness as a place to live, work and invest in. This report comes as a follow-up to the earlier publication Multi-dimensional Review of the Western Balkans: Assessing Opportunities and Constraints. It builds on an extensive peer-learning process that brought together experts from across the region and beyond. The report provides suggestions and recommendations for three strategic priorities that can help create opportunities and boost the quality of life. First, better education and more competencies are the basis for raising productivity, creating jobs, encouraging civic participation and making the region an attractive destination. Second, social cohesion is the bedrock of resilient societies and requires stronger labour market policies and effective social protection that can cushion people’s hardship and provide them with new opportunities. Third, cleaner air and more sustainable energy are indispensable for boosting the region’s quality of life and economic opportunities.

Published on April 20, 2022

In series:OECD Development Pathwaysview more titles


Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
Overview: Making the Western Balkans an attractive place to live, work and invest in
Education and competencies6 chapters available
Boosting education and competencies in the Western Balkans
Boosting education and competencies in Albania
Boosting education and competencies in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Boosting education and competencies in Kosovo
Boosting education and competencies in North Macedonia
Boosting education and competencies in Serbia
Social cohesion6 chapters available
Fostering social cohesion in the Western Balkans
Fostering social cohesion in Albania
Fostering social cohesion in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Fostering social cohesion in Kosovo
Fostering social cohesion in North Macedonia
Fostering social cohesion in Serbia
Green recovery6 chapters available
A green recovery in the Western Balkans
A green recovery in Albania
A green recovery in Bosnia and Herzegovina
A green recovery in Kosovo
A green recovery in North Macedonia
A green recovery in Serbia
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