Fossil-Fuel Subsidies in the EU’s Eastern Partner Countries

Estimates and Recent Policy Developments

Based on the OECD standard methodology, the study presents quantitative estimates of government support to consumers and producers of coal, oil and related petroleum products and natural gas, and electricity and heat generated from these fossil fuels. This report summarises the main findings of the analysis of fossil-fuel subsidy schemes in the six European Union's Eastern Partner (EaP) countries – Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine. The study updates the 2018 Inventory of Energy Subsidies in the EU’s Eastern Partnership Countries by providing data and estimates for 2016‑19. The analysis focuses on measuring two major types of fossil-fuel subsidies: direct transfers of funds to producers and consumers; and tax expenditure. This report also briefly discusses the taxation and energy pricing policies that have had direct or indirect impact on the evolution of fossil-fuel subsidies in the region. Detailed estimates of all individual support measures for each of the six countries are provided in Annexes to the report.

Published on August 05, 2021Also available in: Russian

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Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
Setting the scene
Government support for fossil-fuel production and consumption in the Eastern Partner countries
Main energy pricing and energy taxation policies in the Eastern Partner countries
Annexes9 chapters available
Currency exchange rates
Armenia FFSs
Azerbaijan FFSs
Belarus FFSs
Georgia FFSs
Moldova FFSs
Ukraine FFSs
Covid-related measures
OECD Fossil-Fuel support database
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