Développement économique et création locale d’emplois (LEED)

Social Economy and Innovation: Publications & Events




Policy guides

Thematic papers

In-depth country reviews 

Social Entrepreneurship in Europe: In-depth country reviews

The reviews aim to help policy makers at national, regional and local levels to improve the ecosystems for social entrepreneurship and social enterprise development. They analyse the policy framework for social entrepreneurship and social enterprises and develop tailored and actionable policy recommendations. 

In-depth reviews of the social economy

A series of policy reviews examines the policies of selected countries and regions to support the social economy, and provides tailored recommendations to promote and enhance the contribution of these organisations to job creation and social inclusion at the local level. 


Policy briefs 

A series of policy briefs examines issues and policies related to social entrepreneurship, such as social impact measurement and scaling up. The main goal of these briefs is to provide concrete examples of successful and tailored policies and practices that can provide inspiration for future policy design.


Milestone Publications

The publications provide foundational knowledge on the historical development of the field of non-profit sector, the social economy and social entrepreneurship. The research notably highlights their contribution to local development and examines the critical areas where further support is needed to unlock the potential of these organisations. Policy recommendations are provided for national and local policy makers along with a set of international best practices


This compendium derives policy lessons for boosting social enterprises from the analysis of 20 initiatives in several EU member-countries, covering a range of policy areas from legal frameworks, finance, market access, and support structures, to education and skills

Working Papers

The Working Papers describe preliminary results or research in progress by the author(s) and are published to stimulate discussion on topics ranging from social innovation, social entrepreneurship, social economy organisations, and social enterprises.

Workshop Highlights


* These publications have been produced with the financial support of the European Union




  • Worker cooperatives across continents: Policy and practical experiences from Japan and beyond | Watch the replay
  • How can the social and solidarity economy help refugees along their journey? | Watch the replay
  • Platform cooperatives: Building good jobs and great places | Watch the replay
  • Hybrid High-Level Summit: Inspiration, innovation and inclusion: Shaping our future with the social and solidarity economy | Watch the replay
  • Webinar: OECD Global Action to Promote the Social and Solidarity Economy (SSE) organised in partnership with Euclid Network 9, 16 April 2020 | Virtual

  • Workshop: Inaugural Ambassadors Workshop for the Better Entrepreneurship Policy Tool Ambassadors Network, 16 April 2020 | Virtual
  • Webinar : Leveraging the Social Economy for the Recovery of People and Places 9 July 2020 | Virtual


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