To what extent can blockchain help development co-operation actors meet the 2030 Agenda?
Blockchain is mainstreaming, but the number of blockchain for development use-cases
with proven success beyond the pilot stage remain relatively few. This paper outlines
key blockchain concepts and implications in order to help policymakers reach realistic
conclusions when considering its use. The paper surveys the broad landscape of blockchain
for development to identify where the technology can optimise development impact and
minimise harm. It subsequently critically examines four successful applications, including
the World Food Programme’s Building Blocks, Oxfam’s UnBlocked Cash project, KfW’s
TruBudget and Seso Global. As part of the on-going work co-ordinated by the OECD’s
Blockchain Policy Centre, this paper asserts that post-COVID-19, Development Assistance
Committee (DAC) donors and their development partners have a unique opportunity to
shape blockchain’s implementation.