Improving well-being standards in economic, social and environmental dimensions for regions and cities specialised in mining and extractive industries
|What's the issue?
The energy transition will increase the demand for minerals, but mining must also adjust to green and digital shifts. As mining is concentrated in specific territories, this activity and its adaptation to global changes shape regional development. Addressing the challenges and opportunities of mining specialisation requires a subnational policy approach.
What can the OECD offer?
The OECD's Mining Cities and Regions Initiative serves as a platform for exchanging good practices and promoting international standards aimed at improving well-being outcomes in mining regions. The initiative also includes:
OECD-DG Reform Project: Enhancing EU Mining Regions to Support the Green Transition and Secure EU Mineral Supplies
The global green transition demands significant supplies of critical minerals. This study will support 10 EU mining regions in sustainably securing their supply, while improving wellbeing for their populations.
The Case of Pilbara, Australia
The Pilbara is a world leader in iron ore production and has the fourth lowest unemployment rate across OECD mining regions. Despite the wealth generated by extractive industries, the Pilbara faces important challenges to improve its attractiveness and well-being standards, especially for First Nations and non-mining workers. This study examines how the Pilbara can shape a more inclusive and sustainable development that supports economic diversification and prioritises improving the living conditions of its communities, particularly First Nations.
Mining Regions and Cities in the Region of Antofagasta, Chile
Antofagasta is a world leader in copper and lithium production and has the highest PIB per capita. The surge in global demand for minerals and renewable energies has led Antofagasta’s mining industry into a renovated phase of development. Yet communities in the region keep lagging on a number of well-being dimensions. This study presents the diagnosis and recommendations for the development of the first-ever mining strategy in the region, which prioritises local well-being and supports a more competitive and sustainable mining sector.
The Case of Andalusia, Spain
As Spain’s largest mining producer, Andalusia can leverage its potential in metallic and non-metallic mining to reduce its relatively high unemployment rate and support income and innovation convergence with the national average. This study identifies how Andalusia can strengthen its institutional framework and its mining strategy to enhance the regional benefits from its mining sector, while assisting the EU in achieving their climate goals.
The Case of Upper Norrland in Sweden
Västerbotten and Norrbotten are major mining regions in Upper Norrland, containing the majority of Sweden’s active mines and producing most of the iron ore in Europe. These regions are frontrunners in environmentally sustainable mining activities. This case study focuses on practices to improve the interaction of mining innovation processes with the local economy, while reducing land use conflicts and ensuring better engagement with the Indigenous Sami peoples.
Case of Outokumpu, North Karelia in Finland
The municipality of Outukumpu has had a positive transition from mining to manufacturing. However, the region needs to further attract business and workers for a more diversified economy. This study explores how Outokumpu can leverage its mineral know-how and capital to unlock long-term and resilient business opportunities locally.
Toolkit to measure well-being in mining regions
This paper develops a framework to measure well-being standards in OECD regions specialising in mining activities. It explores the relevant indicators to measure well-being for selected OECD mining regions across the three dimensions of well-being: economic, social and environmental and compares their trends with those of other regions.
Enhancing Well-being in Mining Regions - Key Issues and Lessons for Developing Indicators
This paper provides analytical background and input for discussion for the 3rd Meeting of OECD Regions and Cities in Skellefteå, Sweden. It proposes the development of a new set of indicators to measure the well-being of mining regions and asks partners to provide feedback and share leading practice examples related to the well-being challenges identified.
Leading practices for resource benefit sharing and development for and with Indigenous communities
This OECD working paper summarises leading practices for benefit sharing, workforce development, and business and governance development for and with Indigenous peoples.
4th - Karratha, Australia, 20-23 June 2023
The OECD and the City of Karratha hosted the 4th OECD Meeting of Mining Regions and Cities on 20-23 June 2023. A diverse representation of policy makers, industry representatives, academics, and civil society organisations gathered to discuss the challenges and opportunities of mining and regional development. Attendance was high with 245 participants from 12 countries.
The two-day conference focused on two pillars:
1. Diversification and green value chains
2. Liveable and sustainable mining communities
3rd - Skellefteå, Sweden, 2019
The 3rd OECD Meeting of Mining Regions and Cities was held in Skellefteä, Sweden in June 2019. The event in Skelleftea focused on how mining can be a driver of improved regional well-being and also contribute to environmentally sustainable regions for future and current generations.
2nd - Darwin, Northern Territory Australia, 2018
The 2nd OECD Meeting of Mining Regions and Cities was held in Darwin, Australia on 21-22 November. The event included a special focus on Indigenous peoples, and mining, resources and regional development in the context of Southeast Asia and helped define the forward plan for the OECD Mining Regions and Cities initiative.
1st - Antofagasta, Chile, 2017
The first OECD Mining Regions event was held in Antofagasta, Chile in October 2017 and was attended by 275 participants across 14 countries.
EU Mining Regions Kick-off Meeting
The kick-off meeting of the OECD-DG Reform TSI project Enhancing EU mining regional ecosystems to support the green transition and secure mineral raw materials supply gathered representatives from the ten participating regions in the project, the OECD and the EU Commission, as well as experts to discuss the scope of this project and relevance to support EU mining regions in attaining a sustainable development for the EU.
The ten participating regions are:
Launch: Toolkit to measure well-being in mining regionsRead the paper
Kick-off event - Towards a Regional Mining Strategy in Antofagasta, Chile
Description: Between 24-28 October, the OECD conducted the first mission of the OECD mining regions and cities supporting Antofagasta, Chile to develop the first regional mining strategy. The mission promoted several spaces of dialogue among mining companies (big and small), providers, academia and communities (e.g. Indigenous representatives), including:
For more information visit the website of the project
The virtual discussion was organised on 23 June 2020 jointly with MIREU to explore the impacts of the coronavirus pandemic on mining regions and cities and the responses and opportunities emerging from this crisis in the short and long term. This virtual discussion served as a platform to exchange experiences and best practices from OECD mining regions and cities in the context of the COVID-19 crisis.
For more information visit the MIREU website.
OECD Mining Regions and Cities Workshop Seville, Andalucía, Spain
In October 2019 the OECD Mining Regions and Cities Initiative held a workshop on: fostering local innovation and developing value chains in a mining context. The workshop was the first step in developing an OECD Mining Regions and Cities Case Study of Andalucía.
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