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OECD ECONOMIC SURVEY OF EGYPT
Egypt has ample scope to increase private sector activity and productivity

INDONESIA
OECD makes historic decision to open accession discussions with Indonesia

SERVICES TRADE RESTRICTIVENESS INDEX
Barriers to services trade remained high in 2023

INTERIM ECONOMIC OUTLOOK 2024
Growth continuing at a modest pace through 2025

In focus

Interim Economic Outlook

Fiscal policy needs to get smarter

Public debt levels are generally higher than before the pandemic, and in many countries at levels relative to GDP seen before only in wartime. Ageing populations, the climate transition and plans to raise defence expenditure are among the factors pointing to mounting future spending pressures. Some countries, including the United States and Japan, still have sizeable budget deficits at present even though there is little or no spare capacity estimated to remain in their economies. Emerging-market economies also face fiscal pressures and refinancing risks from high government debt and rising interest payments.

Tax and spending reforms are needed in many economies if public debt is to remain on a sustainable path. Governments need to adopt sustainable fiscal plans that balance intergenerational needs and prepare economies for the future.

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Governments and regulators are concerned about five risks facing consumers of financial products and services. Discover what these risks are and what the solutions could be.

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Should 2-6-year-olds be allowed to use digital tech? How much screen time is ok? How can digital tech improve early childhood education? This episode of Top Class explores the latest research on the use of digital tech in creches, nurseries and kindergartens.

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The number of self-employed young people has surged in the EU since the end of 2020 despite the difficult conditions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. However, there is still untapped potential in youth entrepreneurship. Governments need to develop deeper partnerships with NGOs to support young entrepreneurs. 

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