This report assesses the extent and possible implications of the presence of state enterprises in the steel industry. It examines their financial performance, showing a weaker performance among state enterprises compared to their private counterparts, and discusses possible implications in the context of industry restructuring.
This working paper uses “centrality” metrics to reflect the changing structure of global value chains. It contrasts central hubs and peripheral countries and sectors, and examines how these changes impact firm productivity.
This study proposes a taxonomy of sectors according to the extent to which they have gone digital. The taxonomy accounts for some of the key facets of the digital transformation, and recognises that sectors differ in their development and adoption of the most advanced “digital” technologies, in the human capital needed to embed them in production and in the extent to which digital tools are used to deal with clients and suppliers.
While the size-wage and size-productivity premia are significantly weaker in market services compared to manufacturing, the link between wages and productivity is stronger. The combination of these results suggests that in a service economy the “size-wage premium” becomes more a “productivity-wage premium”.
This analysis examines dynamics of estimated firm mark-ups across 26 countries over 14 years. Price mark-ups are linked to measures of digital intensity of sectors in order to ascertain whether differences in exposure to digitalisation are related to differences in mark-ups across industries, and how this relationship has changed over time.
This study sheds light on the extent to which different types of employee skills are rewarded as industries go digital in an analysis of 31 countries.
Despite their acclaimed importance, empirical evidence on MNEs is not widely available and largely incomplete, with data only available for a subset of OECD economies. Based on the new OECD analytical AMNE database including information on MNEs across 43 industries and countries on a bilateral basis, this paper derives new insights on the importance of MNEs today.
In order to safeguard their competitiveness in an increasingly digitalised global economy, governments across OECD and emerging economies are implementing a range of policy measures/programmes to support investment in and use of robotics. This paper assesses the extent to which robotics impact the organisation of production through offshoring and backshoring.
This paper uses “centrality” metrics to reflect position with GVCs. Central sectors reflect those that are highly connected (both directly and indirectly) and influential within global production networks, whereas peripheral sectors exhibit weak linkages and are less influential. Applying these metrics to OECD ICIO data reveals profound changes in the structure of GVCs over the period 1995-2011.
This paper presents new cross-country descriptive evidence on innovative start-ups and related venture capital investments drawing upon Crunchbase, a new dataset that is unprecedented in terms of scope and comprehensiveness. The analysis employs a mix of different statistical techniques.