Latest Documents

  • 9-July-2021

    English, PDF, 1,123kb

    Industrial policy for the Sustainable Development Goals - policy note

    Firms and industry hold tremendous capacity to contribute to a wide range of SDGs, in particular through their core business activities by providing goods and services that help achieve the SDGs in their domestic market and abroad.

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  • 11-May-2021


    DynEmp: Measuring job creation by start-ups and young firms

    In a period of sluggish employment growth and slow-growing productivity in most OECD countries, the central role played by start-ups and young firms in creating jobs and bringing innovation to market becomes increasingly important in policy debates.

  • 4-May-2021


    Artificial intelligence companies, goods and services - A trademark-based analysis

    This work proposes an experimental methodology to identify and measure artificial intelligence (AI)-related trademarks. It aims to shed light on the extent to which (new) companies and products appearing on the market rely on, exploit or propose AI-related goods and services, and to help identify the companies and organisations that are active in the AI space. The paper finds evidence that AI-related goods and services have expanded in consumer markets in recent years. Companies and other economic agents appear to register AI-related trademarks primarily to protect computer-related products and/or services, especially software, audio-visual devices and for analytical purposes. Important trademark activities related to AI also emerge in the education space, with AI-related keywords being frequently associated with educational services as well as classes, publications, workshops and online material.
  • 28-April-2021


    Burning Glass Technologies’ data use in policy-relevant analysis - An occupation-level assessment

    This work proposes an analysis of the statistical properties and distributional characteristics of Burning Glass Technologies’ (BGT) data on online job openings from platforms and companies, at the occupation level. BGT data are compared to official data on employment by occupation to assess their occupation-specific representativeness. This work further proposes weighting schemes aimed at making BGT-based analysis fully representative at the occupation and country levels, where appropriate. The analysis encompasses six economies – Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Singapore, the United Kingdom and the United States – for the period 2010-19. Overall, it finds that BGT data exhibit good statistical properties and are a useful source of timely information about labour market demand, especially for high-skill occupations and recruitment processes that are more likely to happen online.
  • 15-April-2021

    English, PDF, 3,080kb

    Promoting the productivity of SMEs in ASEAN countries: Strengthening capabilities, enabling business dynamics

    The policies set out in this report are focused on structural reforms that can enhance productivity and make SMEs a stronger engine for ASEAN countries in the time to come.

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  • 15-April-2021

    English, PDF, 483kb

    Policies for a carbon-neutral industry in the Netherlands: launch event

    The OECD has been evaluating the consistency, cost-efficiency and comprehensiveness of the current toolbox of instruments in place in the Netherlands to reach the long-term decarbonisation objectives in the manufacturing sector. This event on 15 April 2021 will present the main findings from the analysis.

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  • 15-April-2021


    Policies for a climate-neutral industry - Lessons from the Netherlands

    This paper presents a comprehensive assessment of the policy instruments adopted by the Netherlands to reach carbon neutrality in its manufacturing sector by 2050. The analysis illustrates the strength of combining a strong commitment to raising carbon prices with ambitious technology support, uncovers the pervasiveness of competitiveness provisions, and highlights the trade-off between short-term emissions cuts and longer-term technology shift. The Netherlands’ carbon levy sets an ambitious price trajectory to 2030, but is tempered by extensive preferential treatment to energy-intensive users, yielding a highly unequal carbon price across firms and sectors. The country’s technology support focuses on the cost-effective deployment of low-carbon options, which ensures least-cost decarbonisation in the short run but favours relatively mature technologies. The paper offers recommendations for policy adjustments to reach the country’s carbon neutrality objective, including the gradual removal of exemptions, enhanced support for emerging technologies and greater visibility over future infrastructure plans.
  • 12-April-2021

    English, PDF, 2,262kb

    Steel production capacity and trade dynamics

    One of the main concerns regarding excess capacity in the global steel market is how it affects international trade dynamics. An analysis of bilateral trade patterns reveals that capacity increases are likely to inflate exports after one year-on average and are likely to have persistent effect on trade.

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  • 30-March-2021


    MultiProd: Uncovering the micro drivers of aggregate productivity

    The MultiProd project studies productivity patterns and investigates the extent to which different policy frameworks can shape firm productivity. It examines the way resources are allocated to more productive firms.

  • 23-March-2021


    89th Session of the OECD Steel Committee - Chair's Statement

    Important challenges need to be overcome to ensure the sustainable recovery of the global steel industry. At its March 2021 session, the Steel Committee discussed the global steel market situation and outlook, challenges facing the global steel industry, and policy approaches to ensure a level playing field in the sector.

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