Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation


Oslo Manual 2018

Guidelines for Collecting, Reporting and Using Data on Innovation, 4th Edition

What is innovation and how should it be measured? Understanding the scale of innovation activities, the characteristics of innovative firms and the internal and systemic factors that can influence innovation is a prerequisite for the pursuit and analysis of policies aimed at fostering innovation. First published in 1992, the Oslo Manual is the international reference guide for collecting and using data on innovation. In this fourth edition, the manual has been updated to take into account a broader range of innovation-related phenomena as well as the experience gained from recent rounds of innovation surveys in OECD countries and partner economies and organisations.   

Published on October 22, 2018Also available in: German, French, Lithuanian

In series:The Measurement of Scientific, Technological and Innovation Activitiesview more titles


Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
Glossary of terms
Introduction to the measurement of innovation2 chapters available
Introduction to innovation statistics and the Oslo Manual
Concepts for measuring innovation
Framework and guidelines for measuring business innovation6 chapters available
Concepts and definitions for measuring business innovation
Measuring business innovation activities
Measuring business capabilities for innovation
Business innovation and knowledge flows
Measuring external factors influencing innovation in firms
Objectives and outcomes of business innovation
Methods for collecting, analysing and reporting statistics on business innovation3 chapters available
Methods for collecting data on business innovation
The object method for innovation measurement
Use of innovation data for statistical indicators and analysis
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