Resource productivity and waste


  • Country study: Slovak Republic

    The Policy Paper "Making the Slovak Republic a more resource efficient economy" aims to contribute to a policy debate on the actions and decisions that are needed for a transition towards a green economy in the Slovak Republic.

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  • Report: Extended Producer Responsibility

    The report "Extended Producer Responsibility - Guidance for Efficient Waste Management" updates the 2001 Guidance Manual for Governments on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR), providing a broad overview of the key issues, general considerations, and the potential benefits and costs associated with producer responsibility for managing the waste generated by their products put on the market.

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  • Report: Policy Guidance on Resource Efficiency

    Th report "Policy Guidance on Resource Efficiency" responds to the request by G7 Leaders for the OECD to develop policy guidance on resource efficiency. Improving resource efficiency by putting in place policies that implement the principles of reduce, reuse, recycle (the 3Rs) is crucial to improving resource use, security and competitiveness while diminishing the associated environmental impacts.

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OECD is tackling today’s most challenging resource management issues by promoting the sustainable use of materials in order to reduce their negative environmental impacts and encourage resource efficiency.


Shardul Agrawala of the OECD Environment Directorate presented on the potential benefits and drawbacks of widespread 3D printing and what it means for environmental sustainability in OECD countries and beyond.

3D printing has gained popularity in recent years with the 3D manufacturing market projected to grow at around 20% each year until 2020.

Annual printer sales are projected to exceed $10 billion by 2021.

3D printing may be growing rapidly and innovations abound, but what does this mean for the environment?

Economic instruments for sustainable materials management Resource productivity Sustainable materials management

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Economic instruments, including extended producer responsibility, are key for sustainable materials management.

Economic instruments

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There is a need to decouple material consumption from economic growth.

Resource productivity

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SMM addresses the management of materials through their life cycle.


 Waste containing nanomaterials Waste prevention and minimisation
Transboundary movements of waste
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Supporting a better understanding of potential risks of naomaterials in waste streams.

Waste & nanomaterials

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Major efforts are needed to reduce waste quantities.

Prevention & minimisation

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There is a need to control transboundary movements of hazardous waste.

Transboundary movement