Bricks, Taxes and Spending

Solutions for Housing Equity across Levels of Government

This report addresses housing inequities through a series of analytical chapters and case studies. The cross-country chapters examine the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on housing demand, develop a proposal for a green land value tax, evaluate the dynamics between fiscal autonomy and housing supply responsiveness, as well as explore the drivers of inter-regional migration. The case studies unravel the changes of Korea's progressive national property tax and a programme to address regional imbalances, assess the impact of the US property tax system on housing, dive into Norway's property taxation in relation to inequality, as well as survey Belgium's approaches to housing policy. With a blend of empirical data and critical analysis, the report underscores the pressing need for comprehensive strategies in addressing housing inequities. It also offers insights for policymakers and scholars, highlighting the complex balance between national and local housing policies.

Published on October 26, 2023

In series:OECD Fiscal Federalism Studiesview more titles


Executive summary
Reducing housing inequity: What can governments do?
Changes in the geography of housing demand after the onset of COVID-19
Inequality, property taxation and local public spending on housing
The Korean national property tax: History, controversies and future directions
Do property taxes in the United States contribute to housing inequities?
Why we need a green land value tax and how to design it
Housing supply responsiveness across levels of government: Novel evidence on tax and spending autonomy
The impact of housing policy on housing inequality
Balancing act: How a national initiative to address regional imbalances amplified local housing inequality
The laws of attraction: Economic drivers of inter-regional mobility in selected OECD countries
Powered by OECD iLibrary

Finding good solutions for housing equity across levels of government

Aligning national and local policies is essential for effective housing equity

National policies aim to address housing inequality, but local policies and implementation shape how they play out in practice. Coordination of national and local policies is key for a comprehensive approach.

Subnational governments play a key role in helping to ensure housing affordability and quality

Government responsibilities like land use regulation and property taxes significantly influence housing outcomes. Well-designed policies at the subnational level can improve affordability and access.

Reforms in social housing provision, land use regulations and property taxation can promote affordable, equitable housing

These reform areas shape housing supply, demand and costs. Well-designed policies can enhance affordability and access for lower-income households.