Ageing and Fiscal Challenges across Levels of Government

Populations in OECD and emerging economies are ageing rapidly, which will have significant macroeconomic impacts, including on public expenditures and tax revenues. The rules and practices that govern fiscal relations among different levels of government, such as their responsibilities for taxation, spending and debt management, have a bearing on economic efficiency and ultimately growth. The consequences of population ageing at subnational government levels are especially intense. Many local governments are vulnerable to the ageing of their populations from a fiscal perspective. The economic and fiscal challenges of an ageing population go beyond intergovernmental boundaries, and they require complex intergovernmental policy responses. This volume brings together cross-country studies of fiscal policy, demographics and spatial productivity, as well as country studies of Brazil, Canada, China and Germany.

Published on October 27, 2020

In series:OECD Fiscal Federalism Studiesview more titles


Executive summary
Population ageing and sub-central governments: Long-term fiscal challenges and tax policy reform options
Ageing and productivity growth in OECD regions: Combatting the economic impact of ageing through productivity growth?
The fiscal impact of population ageing in Germany: An unequal challenge for different levels of government
Managing across levels of government: The challenge of pension reform in China
Brazil’s demographic transition and its effect on public spending
Adaptability, accountability and sustainability: Intergovernmental fiscal arrangements in Canada
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