Centre for Skills

Vocational education and training (VET) workforce and institutions





Teachers and trainers are the backbone of every education system, including in vocational education and training (VET). Various types of teachers and trainers make up the VET teaching workforce, including teachers of vocational subjects in general and VET programmes, teachers of general subjects in VET programmes, and in-company trainers or tutors of VET students in work-based learning. VET teachers and trainers generally have to have both pedagogical and occupational knowledge and experience. They prepare young people for work by teaching not only occupational skills but also transversal skills, such as basic and soft skills. They support the school-to-work transition of students with diverse backgrounds, including those who are struggling with academic studies, and adults in need of new, updated or improved skills. In light of structural changes in the labour market and associated changing skill needs, VET teachers and trainers need opportunities to keep their skill and knowledge up to date. They also need to keep abreast of new technologies for teaching and learning and innovative pedagogical approaches. VET teachers are guided and supported by institutional leaders, who oversee VET delivery in various types of institutional settings.


 Engineer Showing Apprentices How To Use CNC Tool Making Machine. Monkey Business Images/

Key publications


The Landscape of Providers of Vocational Education and Training


Teachers and Leaders in Vocational Education and Training



Preparing Vocational Teachers and Trainers


Further OECD reading on teachers


TALIS - The OECD Teaching and Learning International Survey

Education at a Glance 2022: OECD Indicators

Global Teaching InSights 


Learn about the OECD Centre for Skills


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