Regulatory reform


Regulatory Governance in the Mining Sector in Brazil

Mining plays a crucial role in Brazil’s economy. Nonetheless, the efforts and resources devoted to regulatory quality in the sector, including the enforcement of rules, have not always been commensurate. This report identifies the gaps, barriers, implementation flaws and inefficiencies in the regulatory framework of the mining sector in Brazil. It takes stock of the recent reforms in the mining sector in Brazil, identifies areas that pose the greatest challenges for effective regulation in mining. It also describes the reforms that created the National Mining Agency of Brazil, its governance arrangements and its current regulatory practices. These are assessed against OECD principles in regulatory policy and mining regulation, as well as against country experiences from Australia, Chile, and Mexico. Finally, recommendations are provided to support further reform efforts.

Published on February 02, 2022Also available in: Portuguese


Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
Assessment and recommendations
Recent performance of the mining sector in Brazil
The institutional and regulatory frameworks of mining activities in Brazil
Performance of the internal governance of the National Mining Agency
Mining regulation in selected countries
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