Regional Development

Functional urban areas by country


The OECD and the European Commission have jointly developed a methodology to define functional urban areas (FUAs) in a consistent way across countries. Using population density and travel-to-work flows as key information, a FUA consists of a densely inhabited city and of a surrounding area (commuting zone) whose labour market is highly integrated with the city (OECD 2012). The ultimate aim of the OECD-EU approach to functional urban areas is to create a harmonised definition of cities and their areas of influence for international comparisons as well as for policy analysis on topics related to urban development.

The following profiles provide the functional urban areas of each country. The following information is included:

  • Map of the country with all the functional urban areas.
  • List of the functional urban areas by population size.
  • Population living in functional urban areas.
  • Methodological notes on data used.
  • Shapefiles of the metropolitan areas areas by country

The map and list of urban areas are in pdf and shapefile format below:



Japan Japan - shapefile


South-Korea Korea - shapefile


Latvia Latvia - shapefile


Lithuania Lithuania - shapefile


LuxembourgLuxembourg - shapefile

Colombiashapefile - paper

Mexico Mexico - shapefile

 Czech Republicshapefile

Netherlands Netherlands‌ - shapefile


New-Zealand New Zealand - shapefile


Norway Norway - shapefile

European Union - shapefile

Poland Poland - shapefile

 Finland Finlandshapefile

Portugal Portugalshapefile


Slovakia Slovak Republic - shapefile


Slovenia Slovenia - shapefile


Spain Spain - shapefile

Hungary - shapefile

Sweden Sweden - shapefile


Switzerland Switzerland - shapefile

Ireland - shapefile

Turkey Türkiye - shapefile


United-Kingdom United Kingdom - shapefile

 Italy - shapefile

 United States - shapefile


Access the Regions and Cities Statistical Atlas web-tool


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