Exploring Norway's Fertility, Work, and Family Policy Trends

Like other Nordic countries Norway has been investing heavily in family policy to enable combining work and family life. Nevertheless, between 2009 and 2022 the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) in Norway dropped from 2 children to 1.4 children per woman. What is happening, and why? Can Norwegian parents still reconcile work and family commitments? What role do demographic trends play for the future of the Norwegian society? Should we worry? These are some of the questions that this study addresses. It illustrates various aspects of fertility trends, as well as changes in the Norwegian labour market as well as in Norway’s comprehensive system of public family support. The study also looks at social attitudes and how these might be affecting family formation and fertility trends. The final chapter projects demographic, economic, fiscal and social outcomes under different fertility trend scenarios.

Available from June 20, 2023


Executive summary
Overview: Facing a future with demographic change in Norway
Family formation in Norway
Norway’s comprehensive model of family policies
The work/family balance in Norway
How perceptions, norms, and attitudes can affect family formation in Norway
The economic and social impact of low fertility in Norway
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