Supporting LAC countries in their reform efforts

The OECD has never been closer to the LAC region than it is today:ChileCosta RicaColombia and Mexico are OECD member countries, and on 25 January 2022 the OECD Council decided to open accession discussions with Argentina, Brazil and Peru.

This decision follows careful deliberation by OECD Members on the basis of its evidence-based Framework for Consideration of Prospective Members and the progress made by Argentina, Brazil and Peru since their first respective requests for OECD membership. Individual roadmaps for the detailed assessment process will now be prepared, provided that Argentina, Brazil and Peru confirm their adherence to the values, vision and priorities reflected in the OECD’s 60th Anniversary Vision Statement and the Ministerial Council Statement adopted last year.

All of these countries, as well as the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Panama, Paraguay and Uruguay, are members of the OECD Development Centre and LAC Regional Programme Steering Group (in addition to Honduras).

Who do we engage with?

Member Countries: Chile | Mexico | Costa Rica | Colombia 


Argentina Brazil | Peru

Key Partner: Brazil

Country Programme: Peru

Members of the Development Centre: Argentina | Brazil | Chile | Colombia |Costa Rica | the Dominican Republic | Mexico |Panama | Paraguay | Peru | Uruguay

How do we work together?

How does the accession process work?

The recent experiences of Colombia and Costa Rica demonstrate that OECD accession process is a transformational process. Argentina, Brazil and Peru have been invited to start conversations on accession.

How does the OECD support individual country priorities?

The OECD provides tailored policy support through Economic Surveys, assessmentsmulti-dimensional country reviews and a wide arrange of Country Policy Reviews. Countries exchange practices through participation in OECD BodiesGlobal Forums, and International Surveys and adopt international shared good practices by adhering to OECD Legal Instruments.

How does the OECD support reform priorities in LAC?

The OECD Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Programme focuses on four key areas of the region's reform agenda: productivity, social inclusion, governance and environmental sustainability.