Employment policies and data

Employment database - Unemployment indicators



key charts on UNEmployment




OECD unemployment rate and unemployment levels (annual, quarterly, monthly)    

In so far as possible, the data have been adjusted to conform to the guidelines of the International Labour Office. 
The u
nemployment rate is calculated as the number of unemployed divided by the labour force.
→ Read the methodological notes
Short-term Labour statistics

► Unemployment rate, by gender and broad age group (annual, quarterly, monthly)    

Unemployed divided by the labour force
→ Short-term Labour statistics

► Unemployment rate, by gender and detailed age group (annual)    
Unemployed divided by the labour force  
► Unemployment, by gender and detailed age group (annual)    
Number of unemployed  
Unemployment rate by educational attainment (annual)    
Unemployment rates of people according to their education levels
► Unemployment by duration (annual)    
Total unemployment is broken down by unemployment durations.     
  • Incidence if unemployment by duration  
  • Unemployment by duration  
  • Average unemployment duration in months  
 ► Incidence of long-term unemployment  (quarterly)    
 Number of long-term unemployed (12 months or more) as a percentage of total unemployment  
► Discouraged workers (annual)    

Discouraged workers are persons who desire to work, but who are not in the labour force, believing that there is no work available due to various reasons.

  • Incidence of discouraged workers  
  • Discouraged workers  

► Workers marginally attached to the labour force (annual)


Marginally attached workers are persons aged 15 and over, neither employed, nor actively looking for work, but are willing/desire to work and are available for taking a job. Additionally, when this applies, they have looked for work during the past 12 months.

 • Incidence of marginally attached workers  
 • Marginally attached workers  

>>  Sources and definitions

Most of the indicators above are derived from national Labour Force Surveys.  Differences across countries in questionnaire wording and design, survey timing, the age groups covered and other reasons mean that care is required in interpreting cross-country differences in levels.  For further details, see the sources, coverage and definitions of Labour Force Statistics in OECD countries


Find other data on employment and labour issues


> Data on employment


> Data on earnings and wages


> Data on labour market policies and institutions


> Data on skills and work


> Data on job quality



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·         OECD unemployment rates and unemployment levels


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