Social policies and data

The OECD Risks That Matter Survey


The OECD Risks that Matter (RTM) survey is a cross-national survey examining people’s perceptions of the social and economic risks they face, how well they think their government addresses those risks, and what preferences they have for social protection going forward. This is the most extensive global survey of perceptions of, and preferences for, social protection.

The survey was first conducted in spring and autumn of 2018, covering 18-70 year-olds in 21 countries. The second wave ran in Sept.-Oct. 2020, covering 18-64 year-olds in 25 OECD countries. The third wave fielded in Oct.-Dec. 2022, including 18-64 year-olds from 27 countries: Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Mexico, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Türkiye, the United Kingdom and the United States.

The perspectives offered by the Risks that Matter project offer important insights on how to expand and reform social protection as OECD countries.


                 Publications and data        -        Media highlights        -        Contact


Publications and data


2022 OECD Risks that Matter Survey


Report: Main Findings from the 2022 Risks that Matter Survey  (7th September 2023)

Policy Briefs:

Questionnaires: Core questionnaire  +  Background questionnaire


Country Highlights



April 2022: Online RTM workshopFearing the future? Assessing risk perceptions, labour market changes and the future of social protection


2020 OECD Risks that Matter Survey

RTM2020 main cover 

Report: Main Findings from the 2020 Risks that Matter Survey  (July 2021)

 “What are the risks that matter as we navigate the COVID-19 pandemic?” 

Policy Briefs:

Article: “Did bigger and better benefits during the pandemic ease people’s money worries?” in the Washington Post (August 2021)


Country Highlights


2018 OECD Risks that Matter Survey

‌ RtM-Main-Cover




Country Highlights


Figures, Tables and Technical Information




Media highlights



Comments or questions? Requesting access to the anonymised Public Use Microdata?

Please contact Valerie Frey ( and Jasmin Thomas (


Follow us on Twitter/X via @OECD_Social


Related Documents