Blended finance focus areas

Explore how specific blended finance approaches and instruments are being used to mobilise investment towards the Sustainable Development Goals.


  • Least developed countries

    • The OECD and UNCDF are working together to monitor the international policy trends shaping the blended finance market, and what they mean for least developed countries.
    • Reports: 2020 | 2019 | 2018
  • Fragile contexts

    • A detailed analysis of amounts mobilised from the private sector by official development finance interventions, in light of the multiple dimensions of fragility.
    • Read the paper
  • Brazil

    • An in-depth exploration of the uses and challenges of blended finance within Brazil’s national system of development finance institutions.
    • Read the paper


  • Water & sanitation

  • Agriculture: Mobilising private finance for agri-SME investments through blending (forthcoming)

    • Based on nine case studies of blended finance solutions in the agricultural sector, this paper analyses the ‘fitness for purpose’ of existing blended finance instruments and initiatives in agriculture. The findings are intended to stimulate action and policy discussion.
  • Making blended finance work for the SDGs

    • An assessment of the state and priorities for blended finance as it is being used to support sustainable development in developing countries. This report provides the key concepts and definitions, an overview of actors and instruments, and discusses lessons learned from blending approaches, tracking and data, and monitoring and evaluation.
    • Making Blended Finance Work for the Sustainable Development Goals
  • Putting blended finance to work for gender equality (forthcoming)

    • A paper on how to use blended finance to advance gender equality and women’s empowerment. Building on data from the 2020 edition of the Blended Finance Funds and Facilities Survey, key insights are distilled for blended finance policymakers and practitioners.


  • Making Blended Finance Work for Sustainable Development: The Role of Risk Transfer Mechanisms

    • While the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) financing gap remains tremendously high, mobilisation from the private sector remains stubbornly low. Mobilising commercial investment at the portfolio level can be an effective way to address the needs of small scale borrowers in developing countries. Risk transfer mechanisms (RTM) can be one effective financial instrument to that effect. 
    • Read the publication
  • Blended finance evaluation: governance and methodological approaches

    • An overview of the main methodologies for blended finance evaluation and associated challenges, such as assessing additionality. This paper summarises the findings from a sample of completed evaluations of blended finance operations.
    • Read the publication
  • Guaranteeing the Goals: Adapting public sector guarantees to unlock blended financing for the UN Sustainable Development Goals

    • A study of policy and regulatory issues limiting the potential of development finance tools –such as key guarantees and relevant insurance products-- to mobilise private capital.
    • Read the publication