Session A. Monitor progress of the SDG 14 implementation - Room CC18
This session covered global, regional and national indicators for SDG 14 and reflected on the outcomes of the UN Ocean Conference (New York, 5-9 June 2017) and the 2017 High-Level Political Forum on sustainable development (HLPF) (New York, 10-19 July 2017). It further discussed the relevant work that has been done in this area by the OECD in the contexts of the OECD Green Growth Indicators policy instruments and on indicators on illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing (14.4) and fisheries subsidies that induce overfishing and overcapacity (14.6). The OECD further stated its development of a more reliable and harmonised set of indicators on marine protected areas, based on the work of UNEP’s World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) (14.5). The session also addressed the use of new technologies and big data to improve public policy and capacity to monitor IUU fishing, as it is becoming more important. The Issue Paper "A preliminary assessment of SDG 14 indicators" was relevant for this session.
Moderator: Charlotte de Fontaubert
Senior Fisheries Specialist, World Bank
- Sophie Seeyave, Executive Director, Partnership for Observation of Global Oceans (POGO), UK
- Monika Stankiewicz, Executive Secretary, HELCOM Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission
- Claire Delpeuch, Agricultural Policy Analyst, OECD Trade and Agriculture
- Anne-France Didier, Adviser on territorial policy, Environment Ministry (SDG 14,) France
- Mattias Landgren, State Secretary for Infrastructure, Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation, Sweden
Key policy questions for discussion:
- What are the data gaps and the public accessibility of SDG 14 indicators?
- What are the challenges and opportunities for earth observation and big data to contribute to SDG 14 monitoring, particularly at a disaggregated level?
- How to foster international harmonisation of measurement methodologies for the regional and national SDG 14 indicators, given the implications for interpretation and comparability?
- How to enhance interdisciplinary science-policy interactions for SDG14 monitoring?
Session B. Marine litter, Micro-plastics and the Circular Economy - Room CC4
In many OECD countries, marine litter is now high on the environmental agenda, e.g. the EU’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) addresses marine litter issues. Regarding Extended Producers Responsibility (EPR) pressure is growing to prevent micro-plastics entering the oceans. Assigning such responsibility could provide incentives to prevent waste at source, promote product design, support the achievement of public recycling and materials management goals, and policies needed to combat “ghost fishing” (disused fishing nets left in the oceans).
Moderator: Peter Börkey
Principal Administrator, OECD Environment Directorate
- Javier Goyeneche, Environmentalist Entrepreneur, CEO and founder of ECOALF, Spain
- András Inotai, European Commissioner for Environment,
Maritime Affairs and Fisheries
- Nolwenn Foray, Research Analyst, New Plastics Economy,
Ellen MacArthur Foundation
Scene-Setter: Richard Thompson
Professor, Plymouth University, UK;
GESAMP (UN advisory body)
Key Policy questions for discussion:
- What are key policy responses to prevent litter from entering oceans?
- How can reduction, re-use and recycling be better applied to reduce plastics entering into the oceans?
- Can extended producers responsibility as a policy approach, (where producers are given the responsibility for end-of-life management of their products), help to address marine litter?
- Is ocean clean-up a viable solution and what is needed for its implementation?
- What are the key measures that could be undertaken by the OECD in cooperation with other international organisations and governments?
Session C. Targeting criminal activities at sea with economic and financial perspectives - Room CC2
Illicit activities at sea are growing and evolving, giving rise to new concerns regarding security and maritime safety. Among them, illegal unreported unregulated fishing (IUU) is one of the greatest threats to marine ecosystems, as it dilutes the effect of policies aimed at preserving fish stocks and protecting ecosystems. IUU fishing operations also involve economic crimes such as document forgery, corruption, money laundering, tax fraud and occasionally terrorism financing. This session discusses policies at the nexus of these activities to deter and curb criminal activities at sea. The Issue Paper “New technologies and big data to monitor sustainable fisheries management” was relevant for this session.
Moderator: Antonia Leroy
Natural Resources Policy Analyst,
Trade and Agriculture Directorate, OECD
- Hrannar Már Ásgeirsson, Surveillance Expert, Directorate of Fisheries, Ministry of Industries and Innovation, Iceland
- Kees Lankester, Sea Food Finance Advisor, Scomber, The Netherlands
- Tyler Gillard, Head of Sector Projects and Legal Adviser,
Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs, OECD
Scene-Setter: Alistair McDonnell
Criminal Intelligence Officer,
INTERPOL Environmental Security
Key Policy questions for discussion:
- How can all levels of government work together to fight criminal activities, especially financial dealings, that support illegal fishing?
- How can the issue of ‘beneficial owner’ in the fisheries sector be tackled?
- How can existing and future OECD tools be applied to the fisheries sectors and contribute to the fight against criminal activities at sea?
Session D. Tourism as a driver for Green Growth - Room CC7
Tourism is a significant driver of coastal zone development by creating demand for buildings and infrastructure such as marinas, coastal trails and other waterfront developments.can also promote the development and diversification of local and regional economies. The traditional coastal (mass) tourism model could be rejuvenated to become more inclusive and generate a higher value added. This session discussed how tourism can play a key role in driving the transition to a green ocean economy and help meet the Sustainable Development Goals.
Moderator: Alain Dupeyras
Head of the Regional Development and Tourism Division, Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Local Development and Tourism, OECD
- Philippe Calamel, Project Manager, Odyssea Croissance et Tourisme Bleu, France& Europe
- Sibylle Riedmiller, Director, Chumbe Island Coral Park, Zanzibar, Tanzania
- Jessica Battle, Senior Global Ocean Governance and Policy Expert,
Scene-Setter: Daniel Skjeldam
Chief Executive Officer,
Hurtigruten AS, Norway
Key Policy questions for discussion:
- An integrated governmental approach will be key to supporting the transition to a green ocean economy. From a tourism perspective what are the main governance challenges?
- What policy approaches and management tools are available to accelerate the transition of tourism activities, including cruise, to sustainable consumption and production patterns, and the greening of supply chains?
- How can we trigger new investments and financing in the area of ‘green’ tourism and how can we ensure that the benefits flow to local communities?
- In which areas can future OECD work address research gaps and maximize the tourism contribution to a green ocean economy?