Research and Innovation in PISA

About Research and Innovation in PISA

Since 2012, PISA has assessed students in an innovative domain in every cycle. The innovative domain assessments target interdisciplinary, 21st century competences (e.g. creative thinking), providing PISA countries/economies with a more comprehensive outlook on their students’ ‘readiness for life’. This work drives innovation not only in what PISA assesses, but also in the test format and in how results are reported.

The Research, Development and Innovation (RDI) programme established by the PISA Governing Board in 2018 explores how different areas of the assessment programme (e.g. test design, scoring methodologies) can be improved.

What's New

PISA Innovative Domain Assessments, by year

PISA 2025

Learning in the Digital World

The PISA 2025 Learning in the Digital World assessment will provide international data on students’ capacity to engage in an iterative process of knowledge building and problem solving using computational tools. The data will strengthen our understanding of the skills and attitudes students need to become autonomous learners in increasingly digital education and work environments.


PISA 2022

Creative Thinking

The PISA 2022 Creative Thinking assessment examines students' capacity to generate diverse and original ideas, and to evaluate and improve ideas, across a range of contexts through open-ended communication and problem solving tasks.


PISA 2018

Global Competence

The PISA 2018 Global Competence assessment provides an overview of education systems’ efforts to create learning environments that invite young people to understand the world beyond their immediate environment, interact with others with respect for their rights and dignity, and take action towards building sustainable and thriving communities.


PISA 2015

Collaborative Problem Solving

The PISA 2015 collaborative problem solving assessment provides internationally comparable data on students' ability to be collaborative team players when solving problems in an increasingly interconnected world.


PISA 2012

Creative Problem Solving

The PISA 2012 Creative Problem Solving assessment provides internationally comparable data on students' capacity to understand and resolve problem situations where a method of solution is not immediately obvious. It includes the willingness to engage with such situations in order to achieve one’s potential as a constructive and reflective citizen.



PISA Research, Development and Innovation (RDI) Programme

Ongoing RDI projects

PISA is currently undertaking several RDI projects: improving accessibility, measuring ESCS, automatic coding of text responses, assessing critical media literacy, developing PISA quality standards.



Completed RDI projects

In previous years, the Programme has conducted research on multi-stage adaptive testing, measuring test engagement, and using process data.



About Our Experts


PISA innovation webpage - PISA 2025 LDW Expert Group - Sanna JarvelaPISA 2025 LDW Expert Group and RIG member - Ido Roll











Find out more about the community of experts that support innovation in PISA.

Platform for Innovative Learning Assessments

PILA illustration

The open-source Platform for Innovative Learning Assessments (PILA) offers students and teachers interactive, customisable learning experiences with built-in assessment. PILA supports personalised learning of important 21st century competences, as well as research on digital learning and assessment. 

To use PILA in your classroom, email with your full name and the name of the school at which you work for an access code. 

Innovation in PISA is supported by PISA participating countries and the following institutions:

Bertelsmann logo innovation Deutsche Telekom logo Innovation in PISA Unibanco logo for PISA innovation webpage Logo for Mercator Stiftung logo Logo of Robert Bosch Stiftung Logo