The 2015 Swedish National Audit Office Report stated the need for an institutional structure that strengthens gender equality work and helps ensure a long-term approach and sustainability5. As a result, in its Budget Bill, the Swedish Government announced its intention to establish a gender equality agency in 2018 to achieve a strategic, cohesive and sustainable governance, and effective implementation of the gender equality policy6.
The Austrian Parliamentary Budget Office (PBO) was established in 2012 to support Parliament in the budgetary process, in consulting and enacting budget laws and fulfil its oversight role. Key tasks of the PBO are supporting the Budget Committee in form of written expertise, analysis and short studies on budgetary matters presented by the government according to the Federal Organic Budget Act, preparing brief information upon request of members of Budget Committee, supporting other parliamentary committees regarding impact assessment of new legislation and – explicitly mentioned – consulting Parliament on performance budgeting concerning equality of women and men (gender budgeting). PBO studies address progress of gender equality in the framework of performance budgeting and also publish recommendations for enhancement of the framework (concept) itself.
Department of Gender Equality in the Israeli Civil Service Commission is mandated to monitor implementation of government wide gender equality and mainstreaming policy. The Department of Gender Equality evaluates and measures each governmental office's current standing and progress, maintains an accountability framework, and creates relevant and significant work-plans for the advancement of gender equality and mainstreaming strategies, initiatives, public policies and programmes within each office.
Governmental offices and units are obliged to present the findings of these reports to the Exceptions Committee of the Israeli Civil Service Commission. The offices that do not reach their goals of adequate representation have their recruitment quota cut until a work-plan is presented to advance adequate representation.