Regulatory policy

Better Regulation in Europe: France



Contents | Executive summary | How to obtain this publication | More information

Better Regulation in Europe: France

The EU 15 Better Regulation project is a partnership between the OECD and the European Commission. It draws on the initiatives for Better Regulation promoted by both organisations over the last few years.


The OECD report, including recommendations on Better Regulation in France is available by clicking on each chapter heading below.


The Executive summary contains the OECD assessment and recommendations.


Chapter 1: Strategy and policies for Better Regulation

  • Regroup the different initiatives to create an overall strategy. Launch an integrated communication strategy covering the initiatives and the vision for the future, highlighting the link to economic performance.
  • Elaborate a communications strategy that regroups the different initiatives, showing the interaction, leaving room for communication on individual reforms.
  • Reinforce and make more systematic the evaluation of Better Regulation policies. Anticipate the evaluation of key programmes, such as impact assessment. A global evaluation could also be done to show the link between Better Regulation policies and economic performance.

Chapter 2: Institutional capacities for Better Regulation

  • Evaluate capacities and mechanisms in place for ensuring that line ministries take full and active responsibility for their part in simplification policies.
  • Consider what the adequate role and resources (including in terms of economic capacities) of the SGG should be to ensure an efficient monitoring of Better Regulation policies from the centre of government.
  • Consider setting up an inter-ministerial committee to provide political support to Better Regulation policies as a whole. The Inter-ministerial Committee on Europe (CIE) could be taken as a template. Nominate a minister in charge of following up and communicating on Better Regulation policies.

Chapter 3: Transparency through consultation and communication

  • Engage a discussion on the overhaul of public consultation. This could be partly based on targeted audits, for example, on open consultation processes on the Internet.
  • Establish consultation guidelines. Set up a consultation portal (in which the forum website could be integrated).
  • Consider how to improve Légifrance (the public website publicising legal processes) further.

Chapter 4: The development of new regulations

  • Continue to reinforce basic processes for making new regulations. Further develop online tools, in particular by integrating the legistic guide and developing training programmes in parallel. Continue to focus on monitoring delays for issuing secondary regulations necessary for the implementation of laws and for transposing directives. Publish the government programme to increase its visibility.
  • Encourage strengthening of procedures for making new regulations when they are initiated by members of parliament.
  • Define a policy for consultation regarding impact assessment. Clearly integrate the “zero option” at the very beginning of the impact assessment process.
  • Reinforce methodological tools, including quantification of costs as far as possible. Establish an adequate framework and sufficient resources for the maintenance of the Oscar database.

Chapter 5: The management and rationalisation of existing regulations

  • Evaluate the contribution of codification to regulatory governance and more particularly its capacity to control regulatory inflation.
  • Make a clear connection between administrative simplification policies and economic challenges.
  • Set up clear objectives on administrative simplification and processes for allocating objectives to the different bodies in charge of conducting simplification. These bodies should be made accountable for the implementation of policies in a detailed and public way. Do not abandon quantification.

Chapter 6: Compliance, enforcement, appeals

  • Encourage co-ordination between inspection bodies, including through mergers if necessary.
    Monitor the transparency of the different appeal processes for businesses and citizens, and time taken in processing appeals.

Chapter 7: The interface between member countries and the European Commission

  • Maintain pressure on the monitoring of the transposition of EU directives by ministries.
  • Continue to reflect on the interaction between impact assessment undertaken at the European Commission’s level and the national level, and on integration of impact assessment in the transposition process.
  • Reinforce France’s role in discussions on Better Regulation at the EU level. Consider how to secure adequate resources to support this objective.

Chapter 8: The interface between subnational and national levels of government

  • Consider monitoring and an extension of the scope of the work of the Advisory Commission on Evaluation Standards (CCEN).
  • Encourage the development of good practice exchanges between local governments.
  • Improve communication on local regulations by identifying possible tools and measures (e.g. legal portals, progressive codification of local regulations).

How to obtain this publication

Download the complete PDF e-book: Better Regulation in Europe: France

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For further information, please contact Jennifer Stein



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