Fighting global corruption equally requires effective measures to promote integrity and transparency of the public and private sector. Since 2010, the OECD has provided the evidence base for the ACWG efforts to develop and promote the implementation of preventive measures, including transparency, codes of conduct, and awareness-raising efforts for both the public and private sector. The OECD support to the ACWG includes the promotion of integrity in public procurement and customs, budget transparency and integrity of public administration; as well as lending the OECD’s convening power to bring together the private sector and civil society to combat corruption and promote integrity.
The OECD contributed actively across these key priorities in support of the implementation of the previous 2019-2021 Anti-Corruption Action Plan. The Japanese Presidency focused on two overarching priorities: 1) promoting integrity in infrastructure development and 2) strengthening whistle-blower protection. The OECD supported the elaboration of the Compendium of Good Practices in Promoting Integrity in Infrastructure Development as well as the development of High-Level Principles on Whistle-blowers Protection. It also organised the first joint meeting of the OECD WGB and the G20 ACWG to exchange on the global foreign bribery agenda.
During the G20 2020, the Saudi Presidency organised the first G20 Anti-Corruption Ministerial Meeting and announced its intention to participate in the OECD Working Group on Bribery, with a view to join the OECD Anti Bribery Convention. In the Riyadh Declaration, Leaders committed to demonstrate concrete efforts by 2021 towards criminalizing foreign bribery and enforcing foreign bribery legislation in line with article 16 of UNCAC, and with a view to a possible adherence by all G20 countries to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Supporting Members’ understanding of the linkages between corruption and other economic crimes, the OECD also coordinated jointly with other IOs, a scoping paper on international cooperation dealing with economic crime, offenders and recovery of stolen assets.The agenda of the Italian G20 Presidency 2021 included the following key priorities: to improve the measurement of corruption, to tackle corruption in organized crime, promote integrity in sport, and prevent and combat corruption in emergency situations. The OECD contributed to the development of a Compendium of Good Practices on Measurement of Corruption, building on its OECD Public Integrity Indicators, as well as of a set of High-Level Principles to address corruption in organized crime, corruption and integrity in sport, and corruption in emergency situations. The OECD also organised the joint session between the G20 ACWG and the OECD Working Group on Bribery. Following up on the commitments and mandate by Leaders and Ministers to report back on anti-corruption by 2021, the OECD supported Members’ efforts to report back on the state of play regarding the implementation of their foreign bribery commitments.
Looking ahead, the OECD will support the implementation of the new Anti-Corruption Action Plan for 2022-2024 adopted under the Italian Presidency.