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Panama


  • 6-July-2018

    English

    Multi-dimensional Review of Panama - Volume 2: In-depth Analysis and Recommendations

    Panama has achieved socio-economic improvements in recent decades thanks to strong economic growth and consequent poverty reduction. Its growth model is characterised by a dual economy in which a small number of activities, including those related to the Canal and Special Economic Zones, have exhibited high productivity growth but limited job creation. Panama should now embark on a new reform agenda to become a sustainable and inclusive high-income country. This report urges greater productivity in sectors that contribute to job formalisation to reduce disparities in income and among regions. As developing these policies requires further resources, taxation system and private sector involvement through public-private partnerships should also be reinforced. Focusing on skills and jobs, regional development and development financing, the volume provides analysis and recommendations on three areas which are key for Panama.
  • 11-October-2017

    English

    Multi-Dimensional Review of Panama - Volume 1: Initial Assessment

    Since the beginning of the 21st century, Panama has exhibited remarkable economic growth and has reduced the gap in terms of income per capita with high-income countries. Social progress has also been achieved, mainly through the reduction of poverty and advances in some well-being dimensions. However, challenges remain with regard to overcoming the so-called middle-income trap and consolidating the middle-class. This first volume of the Multi-dimensional Country Review of Panama identifies the main barriers to further inclusive development. It highlights that promoting equitable, inclusive and sustainable economic growth and improving the well-being of all citizens should be at the core of Panama’s development strategies.
  • 4-November-2016

    English

    Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes Peer Reviews: Panama 2016 - Phase 2: Implementation of the Standard in Practice

    This report contains the 2014 'Phase 2: Implementation of the Standards in Practice' Global Forum review of Panama. The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes is the multilateral framework within which work in the area of tax transparency and exchange of information is carried out by over 130 jurisdictions which participate in the work of the Global Forum on an equal footing. The Global Forum is charged with in-depth monitoring and peer review of the implementation of the standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes. These standards are primarily reflected in the 2002 OECD Model Agreement on Exchange of Information on Tax Matters and its commentary, and in Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital and its commentary as updated in 2004, which has been incorporated in the UN Model Tax Convention. The standards provide for international exchange on request of foreseeably relevant information for the administration or enforcement of the domestic tax laws of a requesting party. 'Fishing expeditions' are not authorised, but all foreseeably relevant information must be provided, including bank information and information held by fiduciaries, regardless of the existence of a domestic tax interest or the application of a dual criminality standard. All members of the Global Forum, as well as jurisdictions identified by the Global Forum as relevant to its work, are being reviewed. This process is undertaken in two phases. Phase 1 reviews assess the quality of a jurisdiction’s legal and regulatory framework for the exchange of information, while Phase 2 reviews look at the practical implementation of that framework. Some Global Forum members are undergoing combined – Phase 1 plus Phase 2 – reviews. The ultimate goal is to help jurisdictions to effectively implement the international standards of transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes.
  • 30-October-2015

    English

  • 28-April-2015

    English

    Innovation Policy in Panama - Design, Implementation and Evaluation

    This report reviews the experience of Panama in designing, implementing and evaluating innovation policy. It provides a comparative analysis of Panama’s innovation performance and reviews the design and implementation of the national innovation policy focusing on the National Plan (2010-2014). The review of the institutional setting, the policy mix and budget for innovation policy includes a comparison with the experience of two peer countries, the Dominican Republic and Uruguay.
  • 24-April-2014

    English

  • 1-June-2011

    English, , 719kb

    Achieving Effective Boards: Corporate governance frameworks and board practices in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Panama and Peru

    This study surveys the corporate governance landscape and sets out recommendations from across 8 key issues relevant to board effectiveness: board duties; handling of conflicts of interest; selection and structure criteria; criteria for independence; board committees; Chairman/CEO separation; board risk management; and board evaluation.

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  • 17-November-2010

    English

    Peer Review Report of Panama - Phase 1: Legal and Regulatory Framework

    This report summarises the legal and regulatory framework for transparency and exchange of information for tax purposes in Panama.

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  • 18-janvier-2010

    Français, , 701kb

    Importance économique de l'agriculture dans la lutte contre la pauvreté

    La déclaration du Millénaire fixe 2015 comme date cible pour réduire de moitié le nombre de personnes vivant dans une extrême pauvreté. Ce document examine le rôle du secteur agricole et les caractéristiques communes à 25 pays ayant remarquablement réussi à lutter contre l’extrême pauvreté.

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  • 9-November-2009

    English, , 391kb

    Country Programme Evaluation: Panama 2005-2009

    The main problems identified by the Government of Panama, which it presented as a development model for Panama during the period 2004-2009, stem from the dual model for economic growth.

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