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Géorgie


  • 17-novembre-2020

    Français

    Le financement des PME et des entrepreneurs. Tableau de bord de l’OCDE - Édition spéciale : les conséquences du COVID-19

    Ce rapport est une édition spéciale du Tableau de bord de l’OCDE sur le financement des PME et des entrepreneurs, publication phare de l’OCDE. Il examine en détail les conséquences du COVID-19 sur l’accès des PME au financement, ainsi que les mesures prises en conséquence par les pouvoirs publics. Il apparaît qu’avant la crise, les conditions de financement étaient globalement favorables pour les PME et les entrepreneurs, qui bénéficiaient de faibles taux d’intérêt, de critères accommodants d’octroi des crédits et d’une offre de plus en plus diversifiée d’instruments de financement. Mais la crise du COVID‑19 a profondément bouleversé l’accès des PME au financement. Plus particulièrement, l’effondrement brutal du chiffre d’affaires des entreprises a provoqué de graves pénuries de liquidités qui ont mis en danger la survie de bon nombre d’entreprises viables. Ce rapport fait état d’une augmentation de la demande de prêts bancaires au cours du premier semestre de 2020, et d’une stabilité de l’offre de crédit grâce à l’action des pouvoirs publics. Parallèlement, on a observé un recul d’autres sources de financement, en particulier l’apport de fonds propres au stade du démarrage. Le rapport réunit des données sur le périmètre et l’ampleur des mesures prises par les gouvernements dans le monde, et en précise les principales caractéristiques. Il décrit les principaux enjeux stratégiques du financement des PME qui se poseront au cours des prochaines phases de la pandémie ; il s’agira en effet d’éviter le surendettement des PME, de promouvoir une gamme diversifiée d’instruments de financement, de stimuler la création d’entreprises et de renforcer la résilience des PME par des mesures structurelles.
  • 16-November-2020

    English

    Workshop on Implementing a Best Available Techniques (BAT) approach to environmental regulation in the EaP countries

    EU4Environment organised the Regional workshop on Implementing a Best Available Techniques (BAT) approach to environmental regulation in the Eastern Partnership countries. It provided updates on BAT-related activities, discussed challenges, and ways in which peer countries and the EU4Environment project can continue to support implementation.

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  • 28-September-2020

    English

    Sustainable Bioenergy for Georgia - A Roadmap

    An overview of the prevailing institutional framework related to bioenergy and associated policies opens this roadmap, followed by a description of the wider context of bioenergy supply and consumption in Georgia. The body of the roadmap focuses on: Ensuring sustainable biomass supplies Modernising the consumption of biomass. Current Georgian practices are summarised for these two areas, and examples of international best practices in bioenergy from IEA member countries are offered. The roadmap then outlines the policies, technologies and management practices needed for Georgia to harness its biomass potential securely and sustainably. These are presented as a set of overarching policy actions, underpinned by detailed biomass supply and consumption recommendations. The recommended actions are compiled as a co-ordinated package of measures to be implemented during 2020-25 to modernise Georgia’s bioenergy industry and make it sustainable by 2030. The social, economic and environmental benefits for the country are summarised as a vision of Georgia’s modern bioenergy industry in 2030.
  • 14-September-2020

    English, PDF, 852kb

    TALIS 2018 Country Note Volume II - Georgia

    The OECD Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) is an international, large-scale survey of teachers, school leaders and the learning environment in schools. This note presents findings based on the reports of lower secondary teachers and their school leaders in mainstream public and private schools.

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  • 18-August-2020

    English

    Georgia - Anti-corruption reforms

    This page contains all information relating to Georgia's participation in the OECD Anti-corruption Network for Eastern Europe and Central Asia and the progress of anti-corruption reforms under the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan.

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  • 31-July-2020

    English

    Georgia 2020 Energy Policy Review

    The International Energy Agency (IEA) conducts in-depth peer reviews of the energy policies of its members and non-member countries. This process supports a holistic approach to energy policy development and encourages the exchange of international best practices and experiences. This report is the first in-depth review conducted by the EU4Energy programme (implemented by the IEA and the European Union) in the 2019-2021 cycle. It updates and extends the analysis of energy policies in the countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia that the IEA conducted in 2015. Since the 2015 review, Georgia has made solid progress in improving both the security and sustainability of its energy supply. The country entered into the EU-Georgia Association Agreement in 2016 and become a Contracting party of the Energy Community Treaty in 2017. Since then, it has made significant legal and institutional reforms demonstrating the government’s commitment to align its energy sector with EU regulations for electricity and gas markets, security of supply, renewable energy, energy efficiency and statistics. The energy sector has been instrumental in establishing Georgia’s overall economic policy focused on creating a liberalised environment through minimal state interference, deregulation, privatisation, reduced and simplified licensing and taxation, and free trade, earning the country the reputation of a 'star reformer'. Taking advantage of its favourable geographical situation, Georgia plays an important role in the regional trade of electricity, oil and natural gas. Nevertheless, Georgia is still confronted with many challenges in its transition to a more secure, sustainable and affordable energy future. The government recognises most of them and is considering various measures to address them. There is room for the further strengthening of the country’s long-term energy strategy, raising institutional capacity and improving coordination between stakeholders to develop policies based on solid analysis of supply-demand trends and alternative scenario models. More efforts could be made to develop effective secondary legislation to accelerate the implementation of the EU energy acquis, and to gradually phase out implicit subsidies and cross-subsidies in the electricity and gas sectors. In this report, the IEA provides recommendations for further improvements of Georgia’s policies to help the country guide the transformation of its energy sector.
  • 11-June-2020

    English

    Greening Economies in the European Union's Eastern Neighbourhood: OECD Green Growth Indicators

    The "Greening Economies in the European Union's Eastern Neighbourhood" (EaP GREEN) programme assists six countries of the European Union Eastern Neighbourhood Partnership in progressing faster towards a green economy framework. Find out more on the OECD’s set of Green Growth Indicators for Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine.

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  • 10-June-2020

    English

    EU4Environment

    The “European Union for Environment” Action aims to help six Eastern partner countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, preserve their natural capital and increase people's environmental well-being, and is structured around five topics: Greener decision-making; Circular economy and new growth opportunities; Environmental level playing field; Ecosystem services and livelihoods...

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  • 29-May-2020

    English

    EU4Environment virtual consultation with Georgia

    On 29 May 2020, the EU4Environment Implementing Partners, jointly with the Ministries of Environmental Protection and of Economy, European Commission and EU Delegation in Georgia, held a virtual consultation. The objectives were to review the in-country situation in light of COVID-19; present progress with EU4Environment implementation in each EaP country; discuss plans for the rest of the year in light of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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  • 20-May-2020

    English, PDF, 1,273kb

    EU4Environment country profile 2019-2020 (Georgia)

    This EU4Environment country profile for Georgia presents a number of «green economy» indicators and draws a baseline for key areas of the project: greener decision making, sustainable economy and green growth, smart environmental regulations, ecosystem protection and knowledge sharing until 2022.

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