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  • 15-September-2021

    English

    Industrial Policy for the Sustainable Development Goals - Increasing the Private Sector’s Contribution

    How can governments support the private sector’s contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)? This book investigates the contribution of firms to the SDGs, particularly through their core business, taking into account inter-sectoral linkages and global value chains, using novel techniques and data sources. Despite the fact that the private sector has the potential to contribute to a wide range of SDGs, and that many firms find it economically viable to develop sustainable products and services, firms still face significant hurdles in their sustainability transition. Based on this new evidence, this book provides some recommendations on the design of industrial policies to enhance the contribution of businesses to the SDGs.
  • 3-août-2021

    Français

    Fiches pays en matière de prix de transfert

    Les fiches par pays sur les législations et pratiques en matière de prix de transfert de pays membres de l'OCDE et non membres.

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  • 15-juillet-2021

    Français

    Les régions dans la mondialisation - Une approche originale de l’internationalisation des régions et son application au cas français

    La crise du COVID 19 a confirmé le rôle des autorités locales pour faire face aux différents effets de la mondialisation. En France, comme généralement dans les pays de l’OCDE, c’est à l’échelon régional qu’est allouée la responsabilité de produire et de mettre en oeuvre les stratégies de développement économique, innovation et internationalisation. Ce document de synthèse tire les principales leçons des travaux statistiques et des analyses des politiques publiques relatives à l’internationalisation des régions françaises menés par l’OCDE. Il propose une méthodologie originale afin d’identifier le positionnement des régions dans la mondialisation, l’applique au cas des régions françaises et confronte ses observations statistiques aux stratégies d’internationalisation retenues par les régions. Des dispositifs de gouvernance pluri-niveaux dans lesquels s’inscrivent les acteurs de l’internationalisation des territoires sont aussi présentés.
  • 13-July-2021

    English

    Dynamics of farm performance and policy impacts: Main findings

    Increasing productivity at farm level is a key policy objective across most countries and fundamental to the overall performance of agricultural and food systems. This paper applies dynamic statistical methods to farm level data in order to identify the determinants of farm performance over time, in terms of productivity and measures of local sustainability. The analysis sheds light on the effects of policies on productivity, and the links between productivity and sustainability outcomes. It draws on key findings from seven case studies: crop farms in Australia, France, Italy and the United Kingdom (England and Wales); and dairy farms in the Czech Republic, Denmark and Norway, with different sample periods, from the most recent three decades to the last five years. A key finding is that policy changes increasing the degree of decoupling of payments have a positive impact on productivity. Furthermore, with the right incentives, productivity growth can be more locally sustainable insofar as farms can produce more output with less inputs that harm the environment. The detailed background work on the seven samples of crops and dairy farms in the above countries is available in OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Paper N°165.
  • 13-July-2021

    English

    Dynamics of farm performance and policy impacts: Case studies - Case Studies

    This paper provides detailed farm level data evidence on the dynamics of farm performance from case studies covering crop farms in Australia, France, Italy and the United Kingdom (England and Wales), and dairy farms in the Czech Republic, Denmark and Norway, with different recent sample periods of five to thirty years. An increase in productivity over time is common to all countries and most crop farm classes, but productivity dynamics vary significantly. In Australia, strong productivity growth among the most productive crop farms has led to an increase in the gap between the highest and lowest performing farms; whereas in France, Italy and the United Kingdom, productivity growth was weak among the most productive crop farms and the lowest performing farms closed the productivity gap. Productivity also increased among dairy farms, with an increasing gap between the most and the least productive farm classes in the three sample countries. The impact of policy changes on performance dynamics is analysed for decoupled payments in France and England, and dairy payments in the Czech Republic. The main findings across countries and policy implications are discussed in OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Paper N°164.
  • 7-July-2021

    English

    OECD Employment Outlook 2021: How does your country compare?

    In some countries, employers used job retention programmes to cut hours while allowing workers to keep their pay and jobs; there, it is likely that the full impact of the pandemic is yet to be felt. In other countries, there have been unprecedented increases in unemployment, but many workers will return to their jobs (or to new ones) as economies re-open and activity picks up.

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  • 15-juin-2021

    Français, PDF, 580kb

    Perspectives sur les compétences 2021: Comment se situe la France par rapport aux autres pays ?

    Le Profil-pays des Perspectives de l'OCDE sur les compétences détaille les principaux indicateurs qui permettent d’évaluer dans quelle mesure la France est à même de procurer des bases solides pour un apprentissage tout au long de la vie ; de promouvoir de réelles transitions vers l’enseignement supérieur, la formation et le marché du travail et d’inciter les adultes à se former.

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  • 19-mai-2021

    Français, PDF, 430kb

    Lutter contre la consommation nocive d'alcool - Principaux résultats : France

    La France a l'un des niveaux de consommation d'alcool les plus élevés - 12,3 litres d'alcool pur par habitant et par an, soit à peu près l'équivalent de 2,5 bouteilles de vin ou 4,7 litres de bière par semaine et par personne de 15 ans et plus. De plus, en France, certains groupes de population sont plus à risque que d'autres.

  • 19-May-2021

    English, PDF, 177kb

    Preventing Harmful Alcohol Use: Key Findings for France

    France has one of the highest levels of alcohol consumption – 12.3 litres of pure alcohol per capita per year, roughly equivalent to 2.5 bottles of wine or 4.7 litres of beer per week per person aged 15 and over. In addition, in France, some population groups are at higher risk than others.

  • 18-May-2021

    English

    Policy brief on e-learning and digital business diagnostic tools for entrepreneurs

    This policy brief discusses recent international policy experiences in developing e-learning and digital business diagnostic tools for entrepreneurs. E-learning tools can develop entrepreneurial knowledge, skills and competences among users and increase their confidence and success in business creation. Business diagnostic tools offer entrepreneurs ways to assess their business management practices against peer companies or good practices, building competence and diffusing good practice. This brief sets out considerations for the successful development and implementation of these tools. It presents eight international cases of tools and discusses the public policy lessons from these international experiences.
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