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Environment and development

Climate Change: OECD DAC External Development Finance Statistics

 

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OECD development finance statistics capture an integrated picture of both bilateral and multilateral climate-related external development finance flows.

Discover the data

Datasets:

Climate-related development finance at the activity level:

Statistical analysis


 

Trends in bilateral climate-related ODA

In 2021, 27.6% of bilateral allocable ODA from DAC members pursued climate objectives: a decrease from the 2020 peak, back to the levels recorded between 2015 and 2019.

Activities with a principal climate objective remained stable between 2020 and 2021, at USD 14 billion (in 2020 prices) in both years. Activities with climate change as a significant objective totalled over USD 23 billion in 2021, a considerable drop from 2020 (USD 30 billion) but it is in line with the values recorded in 2015-19.

The 2020 peak value owes mostly to a few large activities reported that year by a few DAC members.

 

 

Bilateral climate-related ODA by region

In 2020-21 the share of climate-related commitments to African countries (26%) was considerably less than for other regions, where climate-related ODA always surpassed one-third of the total commitments:

40% in Latin America and the Caribbean, 39% in Asia and 37% in Oceania.

 

Data visualisations

Partner country perspective

  • Climate-related development finance, by recipient and provider
  • Climate-related development finance by objective (principal and significant) and climate components
  • Top sectors and providers of climate-related development finance
  • Climate-related development finance by provider type and financial instrument

Bilateral provider perspective

  • Climate-related development finance by provider
  • Climate-related development finance by objective (principal and significant) and imputed multilateral contributions
  • Top sectors and recipients of climate-related development finance
  • Climate-related development finance by recipient region and income group

Methodology

The OECD measures and monitors bilateral development finance targeting climate change objectives using two Rio markers:

Climate Change Mitigation - introduced in 1998. Reporting on ODA flows has been mandatory since 2006. Reporting on non-export credit OOF flows was introduced in 2010 on a voluntary basis.

Full definition, eligibility criteria and examples.

Climate Change Adaptation - introduced in 2010, with reporting mandatory for ODA flows. Reporting on non-export credit OOF flows was introduced in 2010 on a voluntary basis.

Full definition, eligibility criteria and examples. 
Examples of principal activities.

OECD DAC Rio Markers for Climate: Handbook -provides more information on the DAC’s statistical markers on climate change mitigation and adaptation

Multilateral climate-related development finance

This video explains the treatment of multilateral climate-related development finance flows in DAC statistics, looking at:

  • How the DAC statistical system works
  • How we can estimate multilateral climate-related contributions

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