Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use in Latin America
Evidence from Environmental Performance Reviews
This report synthesises key findings on biodiversity and ecosystem services from the
Environmental Performance Reviews completed for Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and
Peru between 2013 and 2017. The report aims to provide a sense of the common challenges
facing these Latin American countries, the strategies being used to tackle them, the
gaps that remain and how these can be addressed. Focusing on Latin America is particularly
pertinent given the great wealth of biodiversity in the region and the growing pressures
on its conservation and sustainable use.
Disclaimer: This document, as well as any data and any map included herein, are without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area.
2021 REPORT ON BRAZIL'S PROGRESS ON EPR RECOMMENDATIONS AND ALIGNMENT TO OECD ENVIRONMENTAL ACQUIS
This report examines Brazil’s alignment with 23 selected OECD legal instruments related to the environment. The legal instruments were primarily selected for their link to the recommendations of the 2015 OECD Environmental Performance Review (EPR) of Brazil. The report also looks at Brazil’s progress in implementing 13 out of the 53 EPR recommendations that are relevant to the OECD acquis. The substantive areas covered are the polluter-pays principle, environmental assessment, integrated pollution prevention and control, environmental performance of government, use of economic instruments and provision of environmental information, as well as water management, biodiversity conservation, energy and air pollution, transport and waste.
The main objective of the report’s analysis and recommendations is to help Brazil improve its policies and practices in line with OECD standards. The report provides a brief overview of the legal instruments and the context and content of the relevant 2015 EPR recommendations. This overview is followed by a description of the relevant legal and policy framework in Brazil, recent changes to it, the state of their implementation and, where possible, evidence of their effectiveness.
The report was made possible by financial support of the government of the United Kingdom.