This report reviews recent developments in the application of behavioural insights to encourage more sustainable consumption, investment and compliance decisions by individuals and firms.Read more
This project investigates how behavioural economics can inform the design of “norm-based” environmental policies and “behaviourally robust” markets for ecosystem services. This work is part of a broader effort of a project that seeks to identify areas where behavioural economics can have the greatest impact on environmental policy design.Read more
Key areas of work
MISSED THE GREEN talks ON Leveraging the smart grid to optimise energy consumption?
OECD Environment's visiting Senior Economist Nicholas Rivers (Professor, University of Ottawa) discussed OECD findings on the role of real-time electricity feedback in reducing consumption from the recently published Environment Working Paper "Leveraging the Smart Grid: The Effect of Real-Time Information on Consumer Decisions" during the Green Talks LIVE in March 2022.
Watch the video recording of this webinar.
Households typically cannot observe the price or the amount of electricity that they consume in real-time, so that they do not have the basis to make well-informed decisions about their electricity consumption.
Can providing information help consumers to reduce their environmental footprint? The roll-out of smart electricity meters, which enable real-time feedback on electricity consumption to residential consumers, can help answer this question.
PUBLICATIONS and working paper
|2016||The Rebound Effect in Road Transport: A Meta-analysis of Empirical Studies, Environment Working Paper
Developing growth strategies that promote greener lifestyles requires a good understanding of the factors that affect people's behaviour towards the environment. Recent OECD work based on periodic surveys of more than 10 000 households across a number of countries and areas represents a breakthrough by providing a common framework to collect unique empirical evidence for better policy design.
Technological innovation can lower the cost of achieving environmental objectives, so it is important to understand how environmental policy design and technological innovation are linked. This is particularly true in the area of climate change where the estimated future costs of reducing greenhouse gas emissions are affected greatly by the technological trajectory of the economy. While we suspect that public policy can play an important role in accelerating the development and diffusion of climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies, empirical evidence in this area remains scant. This book presents a series of papers that explore the extent to which technological innovation can lower the cost of achieving climate change mitigation objectives.
Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.
The work presented in this book is brought together in five substantive chapters: environmental policy design characteristics and their role in inducing innovation, the role of public policies (including multilateral agreements) in encouraging transfer of environmental technologies, followed by three ‘sectoral’ studies of innovation in alternative fuel vehicles, solid waste management and recycling, and green (sustainable) chemistry.
This publication presents the main results and policy implications of an OECD survey of more than 10 000 households in 10 countries: Australia, Canada, the Czech Republic, France, Italy, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden. It offers new insight into what policy measures really work, looking at what factors affect people’s behaviour towards the environment in five areas: water use, energy use, personal transport choices, organic food consumption, waste generation and recycling.
CONTACT & SOCIAL MEDIA