Environment in emerging and transition economies

Policies for a better environment: Progress in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia, 2007




Summary for Policymakers Table of contents | How to Obtain this Publication 
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ISBN: 9789264027343
Release: 10 October 2007

The political and economic landscape in the countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia is evolving. Are environmental policies keeping pace? What major environmental policy measures have been taken by each country? What are the main barriers to further progress? What are the emerging policy issues and priority areas for action?

In 2003, the Ministers of Environment of the 12  countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA), together with their partners in the “Environment for Europe” process, adopted the EECCA Environment Strategy. The Strategy aims to promote sustainable development through environmental policy reform and environmental partnerships.

This book provides a review of progress in achieving the Strategy's objectives, and provides a solid analytical base for discussions on future environmental co-operation between EECCA countries and their partners. Preparation of this report has involved a unique process of collaboration among all the major international institutions active on environmental issues in this region - UNDP, UNECE, UNEP, WHO Europe, the World Bank, Project Preparation Committee, Regional Environmental Centre (REC) for Central and Eastern Europe, REC Central Asia, REC Caucasus, REC Moldova, REC Russia and European Eco-Forum. By focusing on the policy actions taken by EECCA countries, it complements "Europe's Environment: The Fourth Assessment” – prepared by the European Environment Agency – which assesses environmental conditions in the pan-European region. This report is the “flagship” document from the EAP Task Force to the Belgrade "Environment for Europe" Ministerial Conference.


This report was officially launched together with a report, prepared by the European Environment Agency on environmental quality in the pan-European region, and the report on environmental policy in South East Europe prepared by the United Nations Development Programme on the first day of a Europe-wide Ministerial Conference in Belgrade (Serbia) on 10 October 2007.


Table of contents

Executive Summary
1. Environmental Legislation, Policies, and Institutions
2. Pollution Prevention and Control

    - Air Quality
    - Water Supply and Sanitation
    - Waste and Chemicals Management
3. Sustainable Management of Natural Resources
    - Water Resources Management
    - Biodiversity Conservation
4. Environmental Policy Integration
    - Overall Issues
    - Energy and Environment
    - Transport and Environment
    - Agriculture, Forestry, and Environment
5. Finance for Development
6. Environmental Information and Awareness
    - Environmental Monitoring and Information Management
    - Public Participation in Environmental Decision Making
    - Environmental Education
7. Transboundary Issues and Multilateral Environmental Agreements
8. Conclusions


  Armenia   Azerbaijan  Belarus 
  Georgia   Kazakhstan   Kyrgyz Republic
  Moldova   Russian Federation   Tajikistan
  Turkmenistan   Ukraine   Uzbekistan


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