Labour statistics

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  • Labour force statistics

    The International Labour Organisation (ILO) considers people of working age to be in one (and one only) of three situations in the labour market: employed, unemployed, or inactive. The employed and unemployed together are known as the labour force.

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  • Unemployment rate

    A closely watched indicator is the unemployment rate (the number of unemployed as a percentage of the labour force). The unemployment rate tracks what economists call “labour slack” – the match between the jobs on offer in an economy and the number of people seeking to work – and is a key indicator of a society’s economic and social well-being.

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  • Labour market situation

    Labour force data are typically analysed by gender, age group (youth, prime age, older). They are also frequently broken down in many other ways for specific policy purposes: by economic sector, by occupation, by level of education, full- and part-time workers, the short- and long-term unemployed.

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What's new

OECD employment rate increases to 68.7% in the first quarter of 2019

Employment rates
Percentage of the working-age population

QES, Eng, Home/300‌‌

16/07/2019 - The OECD area employment rate – the share of the working-age population with jobs – increased by 0.1 percentage point in the first quarter of 2019, to 68.7%, driven entirely by an increase in the female employment rate (up 0.2 percentage point). Employment rates are well above previous peaks in the OECD area, the euro area and in most major OECD countries (Canada, France, Germany, Japan and the United Kingdom), but remain below the previous peak in the United States.

Behind the numbers 


Further statistics on the labour market

Related labour topics