Labour markets, human capital and inequality

Structural reforms and income distribution


Main Paper: Structural Reforms and Income Distribution 

Policy Note: Growth and income inequality trends and policy implication

Policy Brief (two pager): Pro-growth reforms: their impact on income inequality and household economic vulnerability

Related working papers:

Causa, O., A. de Serres and N. Ruiz (2014), "Can pro-growth policies lift all boats? An analysis based on household disposable income", OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 1180, OECD
Publishing, Paris.

Causa, O., S. Araujo, A. Cavaciuti, N. Ruiz and Z. Smidova, (2014) "A preliminary analysis of income distribution developments", OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 1111, OECD Publishing, Paris.


Developments in income inequality have not been uniform across countries. In fact, between the mid-1990s and the late 2000s, OECD countries experienced “inequality convergence”: inequality in household disposable income has tended to fall in the most unequal countries and to rise in the most equal ones. The largest increases in inequality affected Sweden, Denmark and Finland, which nonetheless remain among the most egalitarian countries. The sharpest reductions occurred in Turkey, Mexico and Chile, which started from a high level of inequality.



Related Documents