Development finance standards

Amounts mobilised from the private sector for development


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The need to mobilise private resources is at the heart of discussions around how to finance the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including to combat climate change. The OECD has been working on this issue under a mandate from the December 2014 DAC High Level Meeting to establish an international standard for measuring the volume of private finance mobilised by development finance interventions.

This work is carried out in consultation with multilateral and bilateral development finance institutions, as well as in joint collaboration with the OECD-led Research Collaborative on Tracking Finance for Climate Action. It also contributes to the ongoing development of a broader measurement framework of total official support for sustainable development (TOSSD) and the DAC work on blended finance.


Reporting on amounts mobilised from the private sector is part of the regular OECD DAC data collections since 2017.  Some information is also collected through ad-hoc surveys in order to pilot new methodologies and to fill data gaps.

Latest statistics

  • In 2012-19, USD 257.6 billion were mobilised from the private sector by official development finance interventions.
  • The data show an upward trend between 2012 and 2018, followed by an 9% decrease in 2019.
  • In 2018-19, direct investment in companies (DICs) or special purpose vehicles (SPVs) mobilised over a third of private finance (35%), followed by guarantees (29%), syndicated loans (13%), credit lines (10%), shares in collective investment vehicles (CIVs; 8%) and simple co-financing (4%).


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