Pro-competitive Policy Reforms


  • Achieving more pro-competitive regulation in ASEAN

    Competition Assessment is currently underway in the logistics sector in ASEAN, to support the development of pro-competitive reforms by identifying recommendations to improve shortcomings in the regulatory or policy environment.

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  • Fostering competition in Tunisia

    In the context of a programme undertaken by the Government of Tunisia and the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), the OECD is sharing its extensive experience in competition assessment in order to identify restrictions and provide recommendations that aim at increasing consumer’s welfare and economic growth.

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  • The OECD has conducted in-depth country reviews of national competition laws and policies since 1998. These reviews assess how each country deals with competition and regulatory issues, from the soundness of its competition law to the structure and effectiveness of its competition institutions.

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Governments should consider competition, and its potential benefits, across the whole range of their policies.  Establishing a framework of competition law and liberalising sectors is important, but so is assessing the competitive effects of regulations and government intervention in other policy areas.

Why should governments assess policies?

All types of government policies can affect market competition, for good or bad.  Governments should ensure that social or other policies that are not intended to damage market competition do not do so unnecessarily or by accident.  For example, if policies to enforce product standards or to ensure the provision of essential goods, are badly designed, they might cause higher prices or worsen the quality of services for consumers. 

In some instances, policies restricting competition are the result of businesses lobbying to avoid competition, in other cases, they may simply be the result of insufficient assessment being carried out at the policy design stage.  In many cases, alternative approaches can be found to achieve the policy’s purpose, while avoiding unnecessary restrictions of competition.

Competition can also be used to make policy more effective.  Many governments have discovered that they can use markets for more efficient policy delivery – for example, by establishing markets in pollution rights, to meet environmental targets at least cost.

Pro-competitive policies and the OECD

The OECD takes account of competition across the range of its policy advice and encourages governments to assess their own policies for opportunities to enhance competition.  The Competition Committee and its working parties have published several best practice roundtables on pro-competitive policy reform.  The OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit provides a framework for assessing policies’ competitive effects.

In addition, the OECD provides it for governments’ own use through OECD capacity building events and on occasion through direct assistance with implementation.


See also

OECD Recommendation on Competition Assessment

Country reports on competition policy and regulatory reform

Competitive Neutrality: Maintaining a level playing field between public and private business

Evaluation of competitive impacts of government interventions


For further information on the OECD work related to pro-competitive policy reforms, please contact us at


Competition Assessment Toolkit

The OECD Competition assessment toolkit was designed to help governments eliminate barriers to competition through a method that identifies unnecessary restraints on market activities and develops alternative, less restrictive measures that still achieve government policy objectives. More...


List of all best practice roundtables available on pro-competitive policy reforms 

Other discussions on pro-competitive policy reforms

Are competition and democracy symbiotic? 2017

Co-operation between Competition Agencies and Regulators in the Financial Sector: 10 years on from the Financial Crisis, 2017

Market study methodologies for competition authorities, 2017

Radical Innovation in the Electricity Sector, 2017

Big data: Bringing competition policy to the digital era, 2016

Promoting competition, protecting human rights, 2016

Disruptive innovations in legal services, 2016

Competition and disruptive innovation in financial markets, 2015

Competitive Neutrality, 2015

Disruptive Innovations, 2015

Liner Shipping, 2015

Changes in Institutional Design of Competition Authorities, 2014

Intellectual Property and Standard Setting, 2014

Competition and the use of tenders and auctions, 2014

Competition in Public-Private Partnerships, 2014

Fighting Corruption and Promoting Competition, Global Forum on Competition 2014

Competition and Poverty Reduction, 2013

Methods for Allocating Contracts for the Provision of Regional and Local Transportation Services, 2013

Competition and Commodity Price Volatility, 2012

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