Small and Medium Sized Enterprises

 SEE/SBA Policy Outlook 2019 cover

The SME Policy Index is a benchmarking tool designed for emerging economies to assess SME policy frameworks and monitor progress in policy implementation over time. Since 2006, it has been applied in four regions and nine assessment rounds overall.

>> SME Policy Index 2019 (forthcoming)

>> SME Policy Index 2016

>> SME Policy Index 2012

>> SME Policy Index 2009

>> SME Policy Index 2007






Economic Reform Programmes

The publication Tracking Special Economic Zones in the Western Balkans: Objectives, Features and Key Challenges was launched at the OECD SEE High-Level Conference 2017.

The report focuses on six SEE economies: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo*, Montenegro and Serbia.and examines the relevance of Special Economic Zones as a policy tool for sustainable and responsible investment in the region. Special economic zones have generated foreign direct investment inflows and job creation in the Western Balkans; but boosting competitiveness and sustainable development across the region will require additional focus on long-term investment as well as linkages between foreign and domestic companies.

The OECD study also raises questions aiming to improve policy outcomes and emphasises the importance of costbenefit and sustainability analyses in order to reduce potential deadweight effects, foregone revenues or competition distortion.






Comp Outlook 2018

The publication series, Competitiveness in South East Europe: A Policy Outlook, offers one of the most comprehensive assessments of policies critical to competitiveness in South East Europe – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Kosovo*, Montenegro and Serbia.

>> Competitiveness in South East Europe: A Policy Outlook 2018

>> Competitiveness in South East Europe: A Policy Outlook 2016







The SME Development in the Republic of Moldova project promoted the development of an effective SME policy in the Republic of Moldova. Its outcomes included three studies 


Private Sector Development 

  • Policy Handbook - Social Innovation Policy Framework for Croatia [ENG
  • Policy Handbook - Fostering Tourism Competitiveness in South East Europe [ENG]
  • Policy Handbook - Bridging Skills Gaps in South East Europe: The case of the food and beverage processing sector [ENG]
  • Policy Handbook - Triple Helix Partnerships for Innovation in Bosnia and Herzegovina [ENG] [BOS] [HRV] [СРБ
  • Policy Handbook - Establishing a Competence Technology Centre in Serbia [ENG] [СРБ]
  • Project Insights - Assessment of the National Innovation System of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia [ENG]
  • Project Insights - Implementing a Pilot Voucher Scheme in Montenegro [ENG] [MON]
  • Project Insights - Assessment of the Kosovo* Innovation System [ENG] [ALB]
  • Regional Competitiveness Initiative Brochure


Investment Reform

The Investment Reform Index (IRI) provides SEE governments with an overview of each economy's performance on investment policy reform and supports them in setting priorities and further improving the investment environment.

Drawing on the OECD Policy Framework for Investment, the IRI uses a unique scoring system to measure performance in each business climate dimension and related sub-dimensions.

Sector Competitiveness

Sector Specific Sources of Competitiveness in the Western Balkans (May 2009)

This report examines the apparel manufacturing, automotive components and business process and technology outsourcing sectors, focusing on market competitiveness factors, industry key success factors and policy recommendations


The Investment Compact provides implementation support to CEFTA parties to help them further liberalise trade in the region. CEFTA Issues papers provide analysis and monitoring results in relation to the elimination of non-tariff barriers, supporting the liberalisation of trade in services, and supporting the CEFTA investment related clauses.



*This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244/99 and the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice on Kosovo’s declaration of independence.


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