Labour statistics

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  • Labour force statistics

    The International Labour Organisation (ILO) considers people of working age to be in one (and one only) of three situations in the labour market: employed, unemployed, or inactive. The employed and unemployed together are known as the labour force.

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  • Unemployment rate

    A closely watched indicator is the unemployment rate (the number of unemployed as a percentage of the labour force). The unemployment rate tracks what economists call “labour slack” – the match between the jobs on offer in an economy and the number of people seeking to work – and is a key indicator of a society’s economic and social well-being.

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  • Labour market situation

    Labour force data are typically analysed by gender, age group (youth, prime age, older). They are also frequently broken down in many other ways for specific policy purposes: by economic sector, by occupation, by level of education, full- and part-time workers, the short- and long-term unemployed.

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What's new

OECD employment rate increases to 68.4% in the third quarter of 2018

Employment rates
Employment as a percentage of the working-age population

QES, Eng, Home/300‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌

17/01/2019 - The OECD area employment rate – the share of the working-age population with jobs – increased by 0.1 percentage point in the third quarter of 2018, to 68.4%. Across the OECD area, 570 million people were employed in the third quarter of 2018.

In the euro area, the employment rate continued to rise in the third quarter of 2018 (by 0.2 percentage point) to 67.4%, with increases of 0.5 percentage point or more in Belgium, Latvia, the Netherlands, the Slovak Republic, and Lithuania. A decline was only recorded in Italy (by 0.2 percentage point, to 58.6%, after the 0.6 percentage point gain in the previous quarter).

Behind the numbers 


Further statistics on the labour market

Related labour topics