Regional, rural and urban development

OECD Mining Regions and Cities


Delivering regional development for regions and cities specialised in mining and extractive industries 


What is the issue?

The world cosumption of raw materials is set to nearly double by 2060 - mining regions supply the raw materials for the future. Mining is spatially concentrated, often in low density economies
linkages with local economies vary considerably.
The Localised costs of extractive industries - environmental externalities, land use conflicts, and inequalities need to be mitigated.
Mining regions must have proactive strategies to manage the commodity cycle (investment, production; transition, and closure.  Mining and extractive industries can deliver significant benefits
 through jobs, investment and technological innovation.
 Mining Regions and cities are key in contributing to the SDGs - Climate Action (SDG 13), Responsible Consumption (SDG12), Decent Work & Economic Growth (SDG8) and Reduced Inequalities (SDG10)


What can the OECD offer?

The OECD is implementing a project to develop recommendations for improving regional development outcomes for regions and cities specialised in mining and extractive industries. The project has three objectives:

1) Develop global toolbox with recommendations and evidence to benchmark and inform regional development policies in a mining and extractives context

2) Produce a series of case studies that deliver place-based recommendations and help regions and cities to implement better regional development policies;

3) Develop a global platform for mining regions and cities through events and peer-review that enables knowledge sharing, advocacy and dialogue between public/private sectors and local communities. 

Events of Mining Regions and Cities


4th - Karratha, Australia, DATE TO BE DEFINED

The meeting in Karratha will have a special focus on policies to increase local productivity and value chain participation related to the mining and resources sector and to support economic diversification that builds long-term economic resilience.

Find out more about the meeting


3rd - Skellefteå, Sweden, 2019

The 3rd OECD Meeting of Mining Regions and Cities was held in Skellefteä, Sweden in June 2019. The event in Skelleftea focused on how mining can be a driver of improved regional well-being and also contribute to environmentally sustainable regions for future and current generations?

Read the proceedings


Read the pre-conference record



2nd - Darwin, Northern Territory Australia, 2018

The 2nd OECD Meeting of Mining Regions and Cities was held in Darwin, Australia on 21-22 November. The event included a special focus on Indigenous peoples, and mining, resources and regional development in the context of Southeast Asia and helped define the forward plan for the OECD Mining Regions and Cities initiative.

Read the proceedings



1st - Antofagasta, Chile, 2017

The first OECD Mining Regions event was held in Antofagasta, Chile in October 2017 and was attended by 275 participants across 14 countries.

Read the proceedings




 Virtual Discusion: Impacts and opportunities of COVID19 on mining regions and cities

The virtual discussion was organised on 23 June 2020 jointly with MIREU tol explore the impacts of the coronavirus pandemic on mining regions and cities and the responses and opportunities emerging from this crisis in the short and long term.  This virtual discussion served as a platform to exchange experiences and best practices from OECD mining regions and cities in the context of the COVID-19 crisis. 

For more information visit the MIREU website.


OECD Mining Regions and Cities Workshop Seville, Andalucía, Spain

In October 2019 the OECD Mining Regions and Cities Initiative held a workshop on: fostering local innovation and developing value chains in a mining context.The workshop was the first step in developing an OECD Mining Regions and Cities Case Study of Andalucía. 

Read the summary record 

Case studies and analytical work

 The Case of Upper Norrland in Sweden

The OECD has conducted a case study of the mining regions of Västerbotten and Norrbotten, which constitute the larger region of Upper Norrland. Västerbotten and Norrbotten are strategically important in a European context because of their role in supplying raw materials and associated value-adding. The study assesses policies, governance structures and implementation mechanisms related to sustainable supply of raw materials, opportunities for diversification, the regulatory framework and engagement with Sami People of Sweden. 

Read the policy highlights


 Read the book

Watch the launch video



The Case of Outokumpu, North Karelia in Finland 

OECD has conducted a case study on the mining region of North Karelia and the municipality of  Outokumpu  in Finland. The study provides recommendations to mobilize the region's assets and address development challenges, as well as to improve economic diversification, welfare and entrepreneurship.

Read the policy highlights


Read the book



Discussion & Scoping Paper

In 2017, the OECD Secretariat prepared a scoping paper to inform the first OECD meeting on mining regions and cities. The scoping paper identifies the main policy issues for regions and cities with a specialisation in mining and extractive activities.


Enhancing well-being in Mining Regions - Key Issues and Lessons for Developing Indicators

This paper provides analytical background and input for discussion for the 3rd Meeting of OECD Regions and Cities in Skellefteå, Sweden. It proposes the development of a new set of indicators to measure well-being of mining regions and asks partners to provide feedback and share leading practice examples related to the well-being challenges identified. Click here for pdf version.






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 Useful Links

Regional development policy overview

OECD territorial reviews: ANTOFAGASTA, CHILE

Policy dialogue on natural resource-based development


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