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  • 16-April-2019


    Delivering Better Policies Through Behavioural Insights - New Approaches

    As behavioural insights (BI) become more widely used, countries are looking to expand the application of the methodology to new frontiers of policy making. This report tests behaviourally informed solutions to complex policy problems in the fields of competition, consumer protection, energy consumption and safety through a variety of theoretical and experimental approaches. The results give policy makers new ideas for tackling policy problems related to individual behaviour, as well as for changing the behaviour of organisations.
  • 3-April-2019


    Business Models for the Circular Economy - Opportunities and Challenges for Policy

    Natural resources, and the materials derived from them, represent the physical basis for the economic system. Recent decades have witnessed an unprecedented growth in demand for these resources, which has triggered interest from policy makers in transitioning to a more resource efficient and circular economy. This report presents a typology of five circular business models that could support the transition to a more resource efficient and circular economy: circular supply, resource recovery, product life extension, sharing, and product service system models. It reviews the current market penetration and assesses the potential scalability of each business model. Environmental potential is also discussed, as well as risks and unintended consequences that could result from a more widespread adoption of these business models. The report provides a broad set of policy approaches that could help alleviate some of the barriers that currently hinder the widespread adoption of circular business models.
  • 10-February-2019


    Embracing Innovation in Government: Global Trends 2019

    Report identifies how governments are responding to the challenges of today's complex world and highlights recent trends and examples in public sector innovation.

  • 14-December-2018


    OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Austria 2018

    Over the past two decades, Austria has become one of the most R&D intensive economies among OECD countries and in the world, dedicating 3.1% of its GDP on R&D in 2016, the second highest figure in the European Union. To fully harness this R&D capacity, Austrian innovation policy needs to put a stronger emphasis on efficiency in transforming R&D inputs into impacts. To achieve higher impacts, Austria also needs to steer its research and innovation system towards leadership excellence in global markets. This requires enhanced international attractiveness for top-level researchers and talent, and a conducive environment for highly innovative enterprises. Austria could also benefit from strengthening R&D and innovation to support key transitions, such as digitalisation and Industry 4.0, and to tackle key societal challenges. The STI policy mix and governance arrangements should be adapted accordingly.
  • 20-novembre-2018


    Le Système d'innovation de la fonction publique du Canada

    Les gouvernements d'aujourd'hui sont confrontés à un ensemble complexe de problèmes interdépendants, d'attentes croissantes des citoyens et de contraintes budgétaires. En outre, ils doivent opérer dans un contexte de changements rapides, géopolitiques, économiques, sociaux et environnementaux. Les politiques et programmes actuels risquent de ne pas être adaptés pour relever les défis d'aujourd'hui, encore moins ceux de demain. Les gouvernements ont donc besoin d'une approche systémique de l'innovation dans le secteur public pour développer et proposer des solutions innovantes qui répondent aux besoins actuels et futurs des citoyens. Ce rapport examine l'expérience et le contexte de la fonction publique du Canada (où l'accent a été mis sur l'innovation), et propose un nouveau système d'innovation du secteur public pour aider le Canada et d’autres pays.
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  • 19-novembre-2018


    Science, technologie et innovation : Perspectives de l'OCDE 2018 (version abrégée) - S'adapter aux bouleversements technologiques et sociétaux

    Science, technologie et innovation : Perspectives de l'OCDE est une publication bisannuelle visant à informer les décideurs et les analystes sur les changements récents et possibles des modèles de la science, la technologie et de l'innovation (STI) et leurs implications potentielles pour les politiques nationales et internationales. L'édition de 2018 est composée de 14 chapitres concis qui mettent en lumière plusieurs sujets pertinents pour les agendas politiques actuels en matière de STI. Ceux-ci abordent notamment les opportunités et les défis, découlant d’un meilleur accès aux données, pour la science et l’innovation; la manière dont les objectifs de développement durable des Nations Unies façonnent les agendas politiques de la STI; les impacts de l'intelligence artificielle sur la science et la fabrication; l'influence de la numérisation sur la manière dont les activités de recherche et d'innovation, et les mesures politiques qui les soutiennent, sont mesurées et évaluées; et de nouvelles approches en matière de gouvernance technologique et de conception des politiques.
  • 13-November-2018


    Innovation policies in the digital age

    This paper looks at how digitalisation is transforming innovation, and the consequent need for innovation policies to adapt. It shows that the digital transformation affects the economics of information and knowledge, in particular pricing and allocation.

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  • 22-October-2018


    Oslo Manual 2018 - Guidelines for Collecting, Reporting and Using Data on Innovation, 4th Edition

    What is innovation and how should it be measured? Understanding the scale of innovation activities, the characteristics of innovative firms and the internal and systemic factors that can influence innovation is a prerequisite for the pursuit and analysis of policies aimed at fostering innovation. First published in 1992, the Oslo Manual is the international reference guide for collecting and using data on innovation. In this fourth edition, the manual has been updated to take into account a broader range of innovation-related phenomena as well as the experience gained from recent rounds of innovation surveys in OECD countries and partner economies and organisations.  
  • 5-April-2018


    Consumer policy and the smart home

    Connected devices and appliances offer added convenience but also bring potential risks such as data privacy and cybersecurity threats, limitations on interoperability, complex supply chains and liability regimes, and product safety. Developing effective responses to the consumer protection issues that arise from the "smart home" will be an ongoing challenge.

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  • 11-February-2018


    Embracing Innovation in Government: Global Trends 2018

    Report identifies the global trends in government innovation and includes 10 in-depth case studies to illustrate the 3 key trends: identity, systems approaches and enablers, and inclusiveness and vulnerable populations.

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