Partager

Reports


  • 15-July-2019

    English

    Linking Indigenous Communities with Regional Development

    The 38 million Indigenous peoples living across 13 OECD countries contribute to stronger regional and national economies, and have unique assets and knowledge that address global challenges such as climate change. Supporting their economic inclusion at local and regional levels is essential to achieving the promise of the Sustainable Development Goals to 'leave no-one behind' and overcoming the significant gaps in well-being that continue to exist between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations, notably in rural areas. This report provides recommendations to achieve vibrant local and regional Indigenous economies that deliver on their objectives for development by: improving Indigenous statistics and data governance; enabling policies for entrepreneurship and small business; providing instruments to mobilise land for development; and implementing effective and inclusive governance to support a place-based approach.
  • 5-juillet-2019

    Français

    Pallier la pénurie d’entrepreneurs 2017 - Politiques de l'entrepreneuriat inclusif

    Pallier la pénurie d’entrepreneurs 2017 est la quatrième édition d’une série de publications qui examinent la manière dont les politiques publiques à l’échelon national, régional et local peuvent soutenir la création d’emplois en encourageant la création d’entreprises et le travail indépendant auprès des personnes issues de groupes sociaux défavorisés ou sous-représentés. Ce rapport montre que la lutte contre le chômage et la stimulation de l’inclusion sociale pourraient être considérablement renforcées en promouvant l’entrepreneuriat au sein de pans de la population telles que les femmes, les jeunes, les seniors, les chômeurs et les migrants, si les problèmes spécifiques auxquels ces parts de la population sont confrontées sont traités et si les politiques en faveur de l’entrepreneuriat sont ouvertes à tous. Cette édition contient des chapitres de discussion thématiques sur la qualité du travail indépendant, y compris sur ses nouvelles formes, telles que le travail indépendant dépendant et le faux travail indépendant, ainsi que sur le potentiel du travail indépendant en tant que mécanisme d’ajustement dans la restructuration des grandes entreprises. Chaque chapitre thématique traite des enjeux et défis politiques actuels et formule des recommandations à l’intention des décideurs politiques. Enfin, les profils nationaux mettent en évidence les tendances récentes observées en matière d’entrepreneuriat au sein des groupes sociaux cibles, les principaux défis politiques et les mesures politiques récentes dans chacun des 28 États membres de l’UE.
  • 28-juin-2019

    Français

    Hausse du niveau des mers - Les approches des pays de l'OCDE face aux risques côtiers

    L’adaptation des zones côtières aux impacts du changement climatique est désormais une urgence. La hausse du niveau des mers et des pressions immobilières va certainement y accroître les risques, selon les prévisions. En quoi les processus nationaux de planification de l’adaptation des pays de l’OCDE peuvent-ils nous aider à répondre à ce défi ? C’est la question à laquelle répond cet ouvrage. Il expose clairement les diverses conceptions du partage des coûts et des responsabilités en matière de gestion des risques côtiers. Il examine ensuite si celles-ci encouragent ou dissuadent les ménages, les entreprises et les différents niveaux de gouvernement d’adopter des comportements qui réduisent les risques. Cet ouvrage décrit les instruments d’action que les autorités nationales peuvent employer pour favoriser une réaction efficiente, efficace et équitable face aux changements qui affectent le littoral. Il s’appuie sur de nouvelles analyses des coûts futurs de la hausse du niveau des mers et sur les principaux résultats de quatre études de cas (Allemagne, Canada, Nouvelle-Zélande et Royaume Uni). 
  • 28-June-2019

    English

    Waste Management and the Circular Economy in Selected OECD Countries - Evidence from Environmental Performance Reviews

    This report provides a cross-country review of waste, materials management and circular economy policies in selected OECD countries, drawing on OECD’s Environmental Performance Reviews during the period 2010-17. It presents the main achievements in the countries reviewed, along with common trends and policy challenges, and provides insights into the effectiveness and efficiency of waste, materials management and circular economy policy frameworks. As the selected reviews were published over a seven-year period, information for some countries may be more recent than for others. Nevertheless, the policy recommendations emerging from the reviews may provide useful lessons for other OECD countries and partner economies.
  • 21-June-2019

    English

    The Space Economy in Figures - How Space Contributes to the Global Economy

    The space economy is expanding and becoming increasingly global, driven by the development of ever-more governmental space programmes around the world, the multiplication of commercial actors in value chains, durable digitalisation trends, and new space systems coming of age. This report describes these emerging trends using new and internationally comparable data and indicators. It highlights the growing importance of space activities for the economy, for developing country strategies (based on original official development assistance statistics), for the pursuit of knowledge and scientific discoveries, and for society in general. To get the most out of space investments and promote sustained socio-economic growth, this report provides some recommendations to countries in building up their statistical evidence on space actors and activities.
  • 18-June-2019

    English

    Levelling the playing field: Dissecting the gender gap in the funding of start-ups

    The objective of this paper is to shed light on some of the determinants of success in early-stage venture capital financing bids. In particular, the work focuses on the effect of founders’ gender on investors’ funding decisions. Results from empirical analysis show that start-ups with at least one woman in the team of founders are less likely to receive funding by 5-10%.

    Related Documents
  • 18-June-2019

    English

    OECD Investment Policy Reviews: Croatia 2019

    This review was prepared in response to Croatia's 2015 request to adhere to the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. It assesses the climate for domestic and foreign investment in Croatia, its ability to comply with the principles of openness, transparency and non-discrimination and its policy convergence with the OECD Declaration, including responsible business conduct practices, and discusses the challenges and opportunities faced by the government of Croatia in its reform efforts. Capitalising on the OECD Policy Framework for Investment, this review includes chapters on foreign investment trends and performance, foreign investor entry and operations, the legal and institutional framework for investment protection, investment promotion and facilitation, public governance, and policies to promote and enable responsible business conduct.
  • 14-June-2019

    English

    Can firm micro data match macro trends? Comparing MultiProd and STAN

    Better understanding of the drivers of aggregate productivity and wage inequality requires data that offer a representative picture of the underlying firm-level heterogeneity while at the same time being able to reproduce patterns observed in aggregate data. This paper compares statistics calculated with OECD MultiProd data against the benchmark of the OECD STructural ANalysis (STAN) Database.

  • 8-June-2019

    English

    OECD countries adopt a strengthened framework for ensuring orderly capital flows

    For almost 60 years, the OECD Code of Liberalisation of Capital Movements has provided a balanced framework for allowing countries to progressively remove barriers to the movement of capital, while providing flexibility to cope with situations of economic and financial instability. A review of the Code was adopted in 2019 to strengthen the instrument and respond to new financial stability challenges.

    Related Documents
  • 28-May-2019

    English

    Mapping of investment promotion agencies: The Mediterranean Middle East and North Africa

    This report provides an inventory of existing practices among IPAs in eight southern Mediterranean (MED) economies: Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, the Palestinian Authority, and Tunisia. Each MED country has one national IPA with the exception of Tunisia, where three agencies have investment promotion functions. The survey was therefore conducted with ten different agencies.

    Related Documents
  • 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>