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The Future of work

Future of Work Fellowship Scheme

 

What is the OECD Future of Work Fellowship scheme?

The OECD Future of Work Fellowship Scheme aims to promote new and innovative (post-)doctoral research in the fields of economics, statistics, sociology and other related social sciences which provide better evidence to help policy makers across OECD countries respond to labour issues. The fellows' work focuses on i) megatrends that are affecting labour markets and the impact that these trends have on job quantity and quality, as well as more broadly on inequality, productivity and growth; and ii) link those impacts to challenges for government in the area of social protection, skills, active labour market programs and regulation. Their work is essential in exploring innovative policy tools that can help governments address these challenges head on.

Call for proposals FoW Fellowship 2019-2020

 

The 2018-19 Fellows

Juliette Fournier FoW Fellow 2018-19

Juliette Fournier 

About Juliette

Juliette is a third-year PhD student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Economics.

 

 

Juliette's reserach project: The Rise and Fall of Cities: Geography of Sectoral Reallocation

Why don't cities whose main industries are hit by an adverse shock convert to other sectors? While growing empirical evidence shows how crucial local industry mix is to future prospects, standard theoretical models rule out the possibility of a change in the local sectoral composition by assumption.

This project aims at describing the mechanics at work. Capital reallocates slowly across sectors. Meanwhile, imperfectly mobile workers move across cities, heading towards areas whose industries are the most flourishing. I will underline how the race between capital redeployment and workers' migration determines whether sectors' production reallocates within or across cities, leading potentially to persistence of local industries. Quantifying across-city reallocation will help understand how the geography of economic activity is reshaped by trade or technology shocks. Finally, I will illustrate how capital-skill complementarity can explain why some cities never recover if skilled workers are more mobile than unskilled workers.

Sara Signorelli FoW Fellow 2018-19

Sara Signorelli 

About Sara

Sara is a second-year doctoral student at the Paris School of Economics. Her main research interests revolve around the impact of technological change and of migration flows on the labor markets of industrialized countries. Prior to joining PSE, Sara worked as a research assistant for the World Bank and the International Food Policy Research Institute, where she conducted several analyses of public policies. She also earned a master’s degree in international economics from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies.

 

 

Sara's reserach project: Technological and Organizational Change and The Fall of Mobility in the 21st Century. A Tale of Four Industrialized Countries

Since the 1980s the labor markets of most industrialized countries have undergone important structural transformations. Technological change and globalization have transformed the production function of firms and have shifted their labor demand away from easily automatable occupations towards high-skill professions. While a growing number of researchers are analyzing the impacts of such shifts on the structure of the economy, few are the ones that look at how the careers of workers are affected in the long run. Sara’s work aims to fill this gap by establishing a link between the recent technological and organizational changes and the occupational mobility of employees. In particular, her analysis will investigate whether the traditional channels of career progression are permanently hindered by the recent innovations adopted by firms.

Andy Garin FoW Fellow 2018-19

Andy Garin 

About Andy

Andrew Garin is a Postdoctoral Fellow at the NBER. Staring in 2019 he will be an Assistant Professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

 

 

Andy's reserach project: What Are the Causes and Consquences of the Rise of New Alternative Work Arrangements? Evidence from Tax Filings (joint with Dmitri Koustas)

Andy's work studies how institutional and technological changes in the 21st Century are transforming labor markets worldwide, and how public policy can promote economic opportunity in light of these changes. His current focus is in the rise of online platforms and other new internet-based systems that have made it radically simpler for self-employed individuals to do work for firms and peers—work that could have previously only been done in a traditional employment relationship. These changes may provide new opportunities for those on the margins of the workforce to earn income when they need it; yet, at the same time, such arrangements threaten to erode traditional stable jobs. Drawing on administrative tax returns, his work examines how expansion of the "gig" economy has impacted labor market outcomes, and the burden places on public social insurance schemes.

 

The 2017-18 Fellows

Headshot of Otto Kassi

Dr. Otto Kässi 

About Otto

Dr. Otto Kässi is a labour economist. He is currently employed in the Oxford Internet Institute at the University of Oxford where he studies various forms of online work. Prior to joining the OII, Otto earned both Master’s and Doctoral Degrees from the University of Helsinki.

Otto's reserach project: Online Labor Market Signaling

There is ample evidence on information frictions in online freelancing markets. As a result of these frictions, employers have limited means for telling good and bad freelancers apart. Online labor market platforms have developed several institutions for levelling this information asymmetry. This project concentrates on a specific institution: voluntary skill certification tests which the freelancers can take to reduce employer uncertainty.

Personal website: https://www.oii.ox.ac.uk/people/otto-kassi/

Do Digital Skill certificates help new workers enter the market?, OECD Working Paper

Headshot of Sanna Ojanpera

Sanna Ojanperä

About Sanna

Sanna is a first-year doctoral student at the Oxford Internet Institute (OII), University of Oxford and at the Alan Turing Institute, the UK’s national institute for data science. Before commencing her doctoral studies, she worked as the quantitative research lead in an ERC-funded GeoNet project, which studies how new economic practices and processes are taking root in Sub-Saharan Africa as a result of changing connectivities. Before joining the OII, Sanna worked with the Digital Engagement team of the World Bank Governance Global Practice and with the Inter-American Development Bank’s Strategic Planning and Development Effectiveness Unit. She earned a Master’s Degree from American University’s School of International Service (Washington, DC) in 2013. At SIS she studied international development, governance and quantitative research methods as an ASLA-Fulbright Fellow.

Sanna's research project: The Networked Nature of the Emerging Digital Economy and its Relation to Informality in Latin America

Sanna’s doctoral research investigates the relationship between accessing work through online platforms and informality, and how these practices impact inequality, social exclusion, individual well-being, and the government’s ability to collect taxes. In her research she applies a mixed methods research design analyzing big data from online labour platforms and qualitative interview data through a combination of statistical methods, network science, data science and qualitative analysis. Sanna is also very interested in the applications of big data in international development and through her research endeavours to understand what development is and should be in the era of massive data and ever-increasing computing abilities.

Personal website: www.oii.ox.ac.uk/people/sanna

Headshot of Zach Parolin

Zach Parolin

About Zach

Zach Parolin is a doctoral researcher at the Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy at the University of Antwerp. His work focuses on the measurement and determinants of poverty and income inequality, with a particular focus on the moderating role of welfare state and labor market institutions. Zach holds an MSc in Comparative Social Policy from the University of Oxford and a Bachelor of Journalism degree from the University of Missouri. Prior to joining the Centre for Social Policy, he worked at the President's Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition in Washington, D.C., and for the Australian Baseball League in Perth, Australia.

Zach's research project: Automation, Job Polarisation & the Moderating Role of Labor Market Institutions: What the Recent Past Portends for the ‘Future of Work’

Zach’s work focuses on the role of labour market and welfare state institutions in shaping poverty, employment, and inequality outcomes. His research on the ‘Future of Work’ investigates how the effects of automation on job displacement and occupational employment shares may vary across political-institutional contexts. Specifically, he will explore how labor market institutions – such as collective bargaining agreements, employment protection legislation, and union representation – moderate the extent of automation-induced job displacement and polarisation among OECD Member States.

Personal website: www.zachparolin.com

Automation and occupational wage trends - Future of Work fellowship paper by Zach Parolin

 

 

 

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